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Table 2 Cerebrospinal fluid laboratory findings in all punctured patients diagnosed with varicella zoster virus reactivation

From: Varicella zoster virus infections in neurological patients: a clinical study

Parameter Trigeminal nerve ganglionitis with rash (n = 11) Dorsal root ganglionitis with rash (n = 16) Dorsal root ganglionitis with radiculitis (n = 5) Facial nerve palsy (n = 19) CNS infection (n = 34)
Pleocytosis (≥5 cells/μL) 2 (18%) 2 (13%) 4 (80%) 12 (63%) 32 (94%)
Lactate (≥3.5 mmol/L) 0 0 0 1 (5%) 3 (9%)
Blood-CSF barrier dysfunction 0 8 (50%) 3 (60%) 8 (42%) 20 (59%)
Intrathecal synthesis of immunoglobulins 0 0 0 4 (21%) 6 (18%)
Isolated IgG _ _ _ 1 _
Isolated IgA _ _ _ _ _
Isolated IgM _ _ _ _ _
Combined IgG + IgM _ _ _ _ _
Combined IgG + IgA _ _ _ _ 1
Combined IgM + IgA _ _ _ 2 1
Combined IgG + IgM + IgA _ _ _ 1 4
CSF oligoclonal bands 1 (9%) 0 1 (20%) 7 (37%) 11 (32%)
PCR/VZV antibody synthesis 0 2 (13%) 3 (60%) 12 (63%) 34 (100%)
PCR positive _ 1 1 3 23
VZV antibody synthesis _ 1 2 9 11