Skip to main content

Table 5 Risk factors for 30-day mortality in patients with SBP

From: Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese patients with cirrhosis

 

Survivors

(n = 303)

Nonsurvivors

(n = 105)

Univariate analysis

 

Multivariate analysis

HR (95% Cl)

P

HR (95% Cl)

p

Age(yr)

52.1 ± 11.5

55.9 ± 11.7

1.025 (1.008–1.041)

0.003

 

1.021 (1.003–1.04)

0.022

Sex (male)

245 (80.9%)

76 (72.4%)

1.326 (0.864–2.035)

0.196

 

Nosocomial infection

134 (44.2%)

69 (65.7%)

2.311 (1.544–3.46)

< 0.001

 

1.577 (0.946–2.627)

0.081

MELD score

18.7 ± 8.4

29.1 ± 9.5

1.1 (1.078–1.122)

< 0.001

 

1.067 (1.04–1.095)

< 0.001

Days between admission and onset of infection

2(0–7)

8(1–18.5)

1.028 (1.016–1.039)

< 0.001

 

1.015 (0.999–1.032)

0.07

Symptoms of peritonitis

259 (85.5%)

81 (77.1%)

0.672 (0.426–1.06)

0.088

 

ALT(U/L)

36 (21–63)

57 (25–150.5)

1.001 (1–1.001)

0.002

 

1.001 (1.000–1.002)

0.310

AST(U/L)

59 (37–100)

95 (48–202.5)

1 (1–1.001)

< 0.001

 

1.000 (1.000–1.001)

0.728

Prealbumin(mg/L)

46.8 ± 25.9

33.7 ± 22.9

0.98 (0.971–0.989)

< 0.001

 

0.999 (0.989–1.009)

0.791

Bun(mmol/L)

8 (5.1–11.9)

13.3 (8.1–20.8)

1.061 (1.043–1.078)

< 0.001

 

0.998(0.977–1.019)

0.824

Serum PMN (cells/μL)

5.8 (3.5–9.2)

7.5 (3.8–12.2)

1.061 (1.032–1.091)

< 0.001

 

1.001(0.97–1.034)

0.931

Total Protein(g/L)

55 (49–60)

51 (44–57.5)

0.979(0.967–0.991)

0.001

 

1.002 (0.988–1.016)

0.778

Ascitic PMN(cells/μL)

2760 (741.4–7821)

3717.2 (660.9–8356)

1 (1–1)

0.241

 

Hepatocellular carcinoma

83 (27.4%)

43 (41%)

1.874 (1.268–2.771)

0.002

 

1.755 (1.14–2.703)

0.011

Hepatic encephalopathy

80 (26.4%)

65 (61.9%)

3.282 (2.213–4.866)

< 0.001

 

1.533(0.972–2.42)

0.066

Septic shock

24 (7.9%)

65 (61.9%)

7.624 (5.135–11.321)

< 0.001

 

4.169 (2.599–6.686)

< 0.001

Gastrointestinal haemorrhage

47 (15.5%)

33 (31.4%)

2.02 (1.337–3.05)

0.001

 

1.243 (0.798–1.936)

0.337

Diabetes mellitus

48 (15.8%)

16 (15.2%)

1.044 (0.613–1.778)

0.875

 

  1. P-values < 0.05 and corresponding HR are indicated in bold