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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 26 studies in Africa from 1992 to 2017

From: The magnitude of antibiotic resistance to Helicobacter pylori in Africa and identified mutations which confer resistance to antibiotics: systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Country Publication year Sample size Age Mean ± SD Age Range Drugs Ref
Abdurashhed Abdul Nigeria 2005 25 49.3 ± 16.8 20-73 Amo,Cip,Cla,clind,Eryth,Met,tet [20]
Aboderin Oladiipo Nigeria 2007 32 48.6 ± 16.23 20-73 Amo,Tet,Cip, Cla,Eryth,Met,,Rifamp [21]
Adeniyi A.Bolande Nigeria 2012 52 10-90 Aug,Amo,Tet,Eryth,Clox,Genta,Cotr,Chlor,Nitro,Nalid,Oflox,Cla,met,Cefs,Ceph,Vanc,Tob,Kana,Clind [63]
Angol C Denish Uganda 2017 142 40 ± 18 13-85 Cla,quino [64]
Ani Agatha.E Nigeria 1999 87 Amo,Cla,Met,Tet [26]
Asrat Daniel Ethiopia 2004 50 Cla,Eryth,Tet,Met,Amo [24]
Bouihat Najat Morocco 2016 255    Met, Cla, levo, Rifam, Amox, Tet [33]
Fathi Marwa S Egypt 2013 60 46.7 ± 8.8 50–60 Cla,Cip,Tet,Met,Amo [22]
Ghaith Doaa Egypt 2016 100 44 ± 11 21-60 Cla [65]
Hadibi D.Fazia Algeria 2016 195    Cla [66]
Harries A.D Malawi 1992 136 18-70 Met,Pen,Tet,Amo [29]
Harrison Ute Nigeria 2017 577    Met,Amox,Cla,Tet [67]
Kimanga Andrew Nyerere Kenya 2010 70 Amo,Met,Cla [4]
Lwai-lume L Kenya 2005 267 45.4 ± 17.6 15 - 85 Cla,Amo,Tet,Met [68]
Mansour Khansa Ben Tunisia 2010 273 38.3 Amo,Met,Cla [27]
Nicoline F. Tanih South Africa 2010 200 Amo,Cip,Cla,Gent,Eryth,Met,Tet [31]
Nicoline F. Tanih South Africa 2011 254 45.5 + 15.7 5-93 Met,Cla [55]
Nicoline F. Tanih South Africa 2013 254 Cla, Quin [34]
Ngoyi, Ontsira Nina E Congo Brazavil 2015 63 43.9 ± 15.3 17- 76 Cla,Tet,Quin, [32]
Ndip N.Roland Cameroon 2008 77 44.5 ± 15.7 15–77 Met,Tet,AMo,Cla [69]
Seck Abdoulaye Senegal 2009 40 Met, Cip,Amo [28]
Seck Abdoulaye Senegal 2013 108 45.3 18–93 Amo, Tet,Met, Cla, Lev [30]
SeckaOusman Gambia 2013 169 30 1 ½ -70 Met,Cla,Tet,Amo [25]
Thor-H. Henriksen Ethiopia 1999 290 Amo,Dox,Met [18]
Sherif May Egypt 2004 48 2-17 Amp,Cla,Eryth,Azyth,Met,Cip [23]
Smith I. Stella Nigeria 2001 532 Cip,Met,Amox,Pip,Ery,Imep,Gent,kan,ofl,Nor,Cef [70]
Total    4324   1 ½-93   
  1. Amo: Amoxicillin; Amp:Ampicillin; Aug: Augumentine:;Azyth: Azythromycin; Cip: Ciprofloxacin; Cla: Clarithromycin; Clin: Clindamycin; Clox: Cloxacicilin; Cotri:cotrimoxazol; Dox; Doxycycline; Cef:ceftriaxone; Ceph: Cephalexin; Eryth: Erythromycin; Gent:Gentamycin; Kan:Kanamycin; Met: Metronidazole; Nal:Nalidixic acid; Oflo:Ofloxacin; Tet: Tetracycline; Lev: Levofloxacin;Rifamp: RifampicinRifam: Rifamycin; Fur: Furazolidon; Quin:Quinolones; Van:Vancomycin