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Table 1 Patient and facility characteristics in relation to linkage to carea

From: Assessing linkage to and retention in care among HIV patients in Uganda and identifying opportunities for health systems strengthening: a descriptive study

Characteristic N N (%) linked to care within 1 month Univariate OR (95% CI) p-value Multivariate OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Female 557 50.4% 0.77 (0.58-1.03) 0.08 0.80 (0.60-1.06) 0.12
 Male 371 56.9% Ref   Ref  
Age group
  < 10 years 73 57.5% 1.21 (0.81-1.82) 0.35 1.10 (0.73-1.67) 0.65
 10-18 years 78 39.7% 0.59 (0.36-0.96) 0.03 0.58 (0.35-0.96) 0.03
 19-48 years 688 53.5% Ref   Ref  
 49+ years 74 64.9% 1.65 (0.95-2.86) 0.07 1.61 (0.94-2.75) 0.08
 Missing 15 66.7%   
Clinical stageb
 I 290   
 II 90   
 III or IV 25   
 Missing 523   
Facility location
 Rural/remote (n = 14) 616 49.7% 0.67 (0.46-0.98) 0.04 0.64 (0.43-0.95) 0.03
 Semi−/peri-urban (n = 6) 312 59.6% Ref   Ref  
Facility size of expert client staff pool
 1 or fewer (n = 3) 98 52.0% 0.88 (0.34-2.27) 0.79  
 2-4 (n = 9) 445 51.2% 0.85 (0.57-1.25) 0.41  
 5+ (n = 8) 385 55.3% Ref   
Facility level
 III (n = 9) 377 52.3% 0.95 (0.59-1.52) 0.83  
 IV (n = 11) 551 53.5% Ref   
Days ART offered per week
 1 (n = 9) 384 47.9% 0.83 (0.53-1.30) 0.41  
 2-3 (n = 8) 394 58.1% 1.25 (0.84-1.85) 0.28  
 4-5 (n = 3) 150 52.7% Ref   
  1. aLinkage to care measured within 1 month among 928 patients newly diagnosed with HIV at 20 facilities in Uganda. Logistic regression models used cluster-robust standard errors to account for clustering by health facility. Variables that were statistically significant or borderline significant in univariate models were included in the multivariable models
  2. bClinical stage data was only available for patients who linked to care; therefore, it was not possible to include this information in the models