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Table 2 Health outcome comparisons among Insured AIDS Drug Assistance Program participants vs Not Insured

From: Determinants of facilitated health insurance enrollment for patients with HIV disease, and impact of insurance enrollment on targeted health outcomes

  Insured (n = 99) Not Insured (n = 101)  
Mean SD Mean SD p-value
PDC medication refill ratio/yr 78.65 22.18 61.45 36.12 <.0001
Total count HIV clinic visits 2.36 1.11 1.75 1.08 .0001
Total count medications 5.64 4.74 4.08 3.61 .0096
Total count HIV medications 1.98 1.15 1.69 1.25 .093
Lab values
 CD4 count 701.42 360.69 615.52 384.29 .13
 Low-density lipoprotein 100.40 35.54 92.29 29.84 .19
 Diastolic blood pressure 127.20 16.49 130.10 20.89 .28
 Systolic blood pressure 80.57 9.28 79.94 9.34 .65
 Body Mass Index 26.95 8.56 26.27 5.87 .54
  Number % Number % p-value
HIV viral load undetectable?
 Yes 84 84.8% 59 58.4% <.0001
 No 15 15.2% 42 41.6%  
Accessed other type doctors?
 Yes 61 61.6% 32 31.7% <.0001
 No 38 38.4% 69 68.3%  
“No Shows” in HIV clinic?
 Yes (one or more) 32 32.3% 52 51.5% .0060
 No 67 67.7% 49 48.5%  
ER Visits?
 Yes 14 14.1% 14 13.9% .95
 No 85 85.9% 87 86.1%  
Hospitalized?
 Yes 5 5.1% 9 8.9% .41
 No 94 94.9% 92 91.1%  
Diabetes Mellitus diagnosis?
 Yes 6 6.1% 4 4.0% .75
 No 93 93.9% 86 85.4%  
Hyperlipidemia diagnosis?
 Yes 25 25.2% 9 8.9% .0064
 No 74 74.7% 81 80.2%  
Hypertension diagnosis?
 Yes 21 21.2% 18 17.8% .84
 No 78 78.8% 72 71.3%  
  1. Abbreviation PDC Proportion Days Covered, calculated by dividing the coverage days accounted for by the patient’s refill records, by the days in the coverage year