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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of predictors of sputum culture conversion among multidrug-resistant patients in Jiangsu Province, China (N = 139)

From: Factors affecting time to sputum culture conversion and treatment outcome of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in China

Variable Adjusted Model*
HR 95% CI P-value
Age, years
  ≤ 51 Reference   
  > 51 1.09 0.62–1.91 0.766
Gender
 Male Reference   
 Female 0.61 0.34–1.11 0.105
Smoking
 No Reference   
 Yes 0.44 0.23–0.83 0.011
Drinking
 No Reference   
 Yes 0.41 0.21–0.81 0.011
Ofloxacin
 Drug sensitive Reference   
 Drug resistance 0.43 0.24–0.76 0.003
Sputum smear grade
  ≤ 1 Reference   
  > 1 0.51 0.31–0.83 0.008
  1. Abbreviations: HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval; *Adjusted for age, gender, alcohol status, smoking status, resistance to Ofloxacin, and sputum smear grade