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Table 2 Lesion characteristics and other clinical features

From: Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sri Lanka

Lesion characteristics/ Clinical features Smear positive Smear negative Total Chi2 p Value
Number / (%) Number / (%)
Duration (n = 491)   0.626 0.731
 <  6 months 110 (42.5) 149 (57.5) 259   
 6–12 months 47 (38.2) 76 (61.8) 123   
 > 12 months 45 (41.3) 64 (58.7) 109   
Site of Lesion (n = 497)   3.612 0.306
 Head and Neck 114 (43.5) 148 (56.5) 262   
 Trunk 17 (53.1) 15 (46.9) 32   
 Upper Limbs 57 (37.7) 94 (62.3) 151   
 Lower Limbs 19 (36.5) 33 (63.5) 52   
Size of Lesion (n = 436)   3.139 0.371
 < 15 mm 82 (39.4) 126 (60.6) 208   
 15-30 mm 68 (45.3) 82 (54.7) 150   
 30-45 mm 20 (44.4) 25 (55.6) 45   
 > 45 mm 10 (30.3) 23 (69.7) 33   
Multiple Lesions (n = 506)   3.272 0.07
 Yes 47 (50) 47 (50) 94   
 No 164 (39.8) 248 (60.2) 412   
Satellite lesions (n = 491)   0.146 0.703
 Present 13 (38.2) 21 (61.8) 34   
 Absent 190 (41.6) 267 (58.4) 457   
Type of lesion (n = 468)   1.814 0.612
 Papulo-nodular 87 (46) 102 (54) 189   
 Nodulo-ulcerative 45 (40.2) 67 (59.8) 112   
 Ulcerative 41 (39.4) 63 (60.6) 104   
 Plaque 25 (39.7) 38 (60.3) 63   
Pruritus (n = 493)   5.696 0.017
 Present 37 (32.2) 78 (67.8) 115   
 Absent 169 (44.7) 209 (55.3) 378   
Hypopigmentation (n = 324)   1.992 0.158
 Present 53 (44.5) 66 (55.5) 119   
 Absent 75 (36.6) 130 (63.4) 205   
Hyperpigmentation (n = 231)   0.823 0.364
 Present 32 (38.1) 52 (61.9) 84   
 Absent 65 (44.2) 82 (55.8) 147   
Erythema (n = 389)   5.148 0.023
 Present 101 (46.1) 118 (53.9) 219   
 Absent 59 (34.7) 111 (65.3) 170   
Dry Lesion (n = 276)   2.870 0.09
 Yes 98 (42.4) 133 (57.6) 231   
 No 13 (28.9) 32 (71.1) 45   
Scaly lesion (n = 276)   8.584 0.003
 Yes 90 (45.2) 109 (54.8) 199   
 No 20 (26) 57 (74) 77   
Pain (n = 493)   2.023 0.155
 Present 21 (33.3) 42 (66.7) 63   
 Absent 184 (42.8) 246 (57.2) 430   
Fever (n = 468)   0.059 0.807
 Present 8 (44.4) 10 (55.6) 18   
 Absent 187 (41.6) 263 (58.4) 450   
Local Lypmphadenopathy (n = 376)   0.154 0.695
 Present 20 (40) 30 (60) 50   
 Absent 140 (42.9) 186 (57.1) 326