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Table 1 Smear positivity with demographic and exposure related risk factors

From: Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sri Lanka

Demograhic and other Risk Factors Smear positive Smear negative Total Chi2 p Value
Number / (%) Number / (%)
Sex (n = 504)   2.184 0.139
 Male 123 (44.4) 154 (55.6) 277   
 Female 86 (37.9) 141 (62.1) 227   
Presence of scrub jungle near residence (n = 460)   0.708 0.4
 Yes 151 (43.3) 198 (56.7) 349   
 No 43 (38.7) 68 (61.3) 111   
Presence of sandflies in environment (n = 473)   4.412 0.04
 Yes 158 (44.1) 200 (55.9) 358   
 No 38 (33) 77 (67) 115   
Contact history (n = 508)   7.86 0.005
 Yes 25 (62.5) 15 (37.5) 40   
 No 186 (39.7) 282 (60.3) 468   
Past history of similar cutaneous manifestations (n = 367)   2.262 0.133
 Yes 6 (25) 18 (75) 24   
 No 139 (40.5) 204 (59.5) 343   
Comorbidities (n = 176)   0.038 0.845
 Yes 19 (35.8) 34 (64.2) 53   
 No 46 (37.4) 77 (62.6) 123   
Travel abroad within 1 year
(n = 448)
  0.338 0.561
 Yes 16 (45.7) 19 (54.3) 35   
 No 168 (40.7) 245 (59.3) 413