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Table 3 Knowledge Attitude Practices (KAP) among study populations on dengue in Kandy district as a percentage (n = 200)

From: Socio-economic, Knowledge Attitude Practices (KAP), household related and demographic based appearance of non-dengue infected individuals in high dengue risk areas of Kandy District, Sri Lanka

Factors Study area χ2
Akurana KMC Gangawata Korale Kundasale Gampola
Knowledge
 Awareness about dengue Good 39.5a 40.0a 41.5a 25.5b 47.5a χ2 = 38.12 (df = 8)
Medium 44.5 37.0 47.5 51.0 42.5
Poor 16.0 23.0 11.0 23.5 10.0
Attitudes  
 Nature of case frequency in the area Frequent 56.0a 53.5a 53.0a 35.5b 29.5b χ2 = 48.37 (df = 8)
Occasionally 43.0 45.5 46.5 62.5 69.0
None 1.0 1.0 0.5 2.0 1.5
 Need for better awareness and knowledge on dengue Yes 48.0a 58.0a 60.0a 61.5a 84.0b χ2 = 59.59 (df = 4)
No 52.0 42.0 40.0 38.5 16.0
 If yes, in which aspects Symptoms and treatments of DHF 75.0a 64.0a 58.5b 64.8b 78.0a χ2 = 49.75 (df = 8)
Controlling of vectors 53.5 42.0 69.5 71.5 89.0
SWM 45.0 58.0 34.0 29.5 57.0
 Willingness to contribute community based controlling activities Yes 84.5a 59.5b 76.0c 71.5c 87.0a χ2 = 52.76 (df = 4)
No 15.5 40.5 24.0 28.5 13.0
 Reasons for not practicing of composting or home gardening, due to restrictions in Time 52.0a 68.0b 42.5c 39.5c 34.0d χ2 = 64.83 (df = 8)
Space 62.0 78.0 52.0 42.0 52.0
Labour 12.0 54.0 21.5 18.0 49.0
Practices
 Cleanliness of the homestead Yes 92.0a 78.0b 96.0a 95.0a 94.5a χ2 = 55.05 (df = 4)
No 8.0 22.0 4.0 5.0 5.5
 Practice of composting or home gardening Yes 18.0a 2.5a 24.5a 18.5a 25.5a χ2 = 18.31 (df = 4)
No 82.0 97.5 75.5 81.5 74.5
 Waste disposal frequency Daily 21.0a 6.5b 16.5c 8.0b 14.5c χ2 = 71.79 (df = 8)
< 7 Days 73.5 93.5 83.5 92.0 85.5
> 7 Days 5.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
 Waste disposal method Garbage pit 28.0a 4.0b 15.0c 10.5c 18.5d χ2 = 142.46 (df = 20)
Collected by the Municipality 58.0 98.0 79.5 69.0 73.0
To road 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Open ground 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Composting 2.0 4.0 8.5 15.0 18.0
Burning 34.5 12.0 38.0 44.0 34.0
 Nature of the waste collection Service of Pradeshiya Sabha or Municipality Once 2 week 0.0a 1.5a 2.0b 0.0b 0.0a χ2 = 94.54 (df = 20)
Once a week 74.0 94.0 78.0 79.0 83.0
Irregular 83.5 46.0 65.0 59.5 51.5
Use no alarming sound 32.0 6.0 44.0 38.0 12.0
Don’t reach the road or house 53.0 0.5 37.5 27.0 11.0
Item rejection 84.0 88.0 87.0 83.0 89.0
 Source separation of Solid Waste Yes 37.5a 35.5b 20.5a 18.5a 32.5c χ2 = 30.10 (df = 4)
No 62.5 64.5 79.5 81.5 67.5
 Used Mosquito bite prevention method Screen 23.5a 39.0c 14.5b 10.5b 28.5a χ2 = 113.01 (df = 24)
Close windows 39.0 17.5 42.0 38.0 25.5
Coils/use of smoke 69.0 81.0 62.5 70.5 78.5
Nets 54.5 52.0 68.5 63.5 75.5
Fans 27.0 49.0 12.5 14.0 30.5
Other 42.5 7.5 28.5 32.0 40.0
None 4.5 0.0 2.0 1.5 0.0
 Covering status of the water storage tanks Fully covered 80.5a 93.0b 96.5b 85.0c 99.0d χ2 = 89.77 (df = 8)
Partially covered 1.5 0.0 0.5 7.0 1.0
None 18.0 7.0 3.0 8.0 0.0
 Status of Roof Gutters Functioning 48.0a 58.0a 35.0b 37.5b 29.5b χ2 = 55.52 (df = 8)
Blocked 2.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
  None 50.0 41.0 65.0 62.5 70.5
  1. Different superscript letters (a, b, c and d) in the first row of each factor show significant dissimilarities among the study populations (p < 0.05) as a post-hoc comparison as suggested by “Chi-square test for Independence”, while similar superscript letters indicate significant similarities
  2. KMC Kandy Municipal Council area, df degree of freedom for each variable, χ2 Chi-square value. All contingency tests (χ2 tests) were significant at least at 0.05 probability level