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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics for 12,845 Patients With and Without Diabetes

From: Diabetes and the occurrence of infection in primary care: a matched cohort study

Variable Diabetes
(n = 1779)
Non-Diabetes (n = 11,066) P value
Age    < 0.001
Mean (SD) 57.5 (15.6) 43.1 (16.5)  
Median (IQR) 59.0 (20) 41.0 (26)  
Gender n, (%)    
Male 889 (50.0) 4435 (40.1) < 0.001
Female 890 (50.0) 6631 (59.9) < 0.001
Doctor Visits (Mean, SD) 3.7 (3.9) 3.3 (3.8) 0.015
Referral To a Specialist, n (%)    
0 1568 (88.1) 9927 (89.7) 0.05
1 133 (7.5) 755 (6.8) 0.338
≥2 78 (4.4) 384 (3.5) 0.064
Infection before 1-year entry, n (%)    
0 1385 (77.8) 6261 (56.6) < 0.001
1 203 (11.4) 1894 (17.1) < 0.001
≥2 191 (10.7) 2911 (26.3) < 0.001
Lab Tests (Mean, SD) 14.5 (46.3) 10.6 (33.2) < 0.001
Vaccines, n (%) 251 (14.1) 1202 (10.9) < 0.001
Acid-suppressing Medications, n (%) 306 (17.2) 983 (8.9) < 0.001
Respiratory Medications, n (%) 173 (9.72) 1140 (10.3) 0.482
Lipid-lowering Medications, n (%) 716 (40.2) 653 (5.9) < 0.001
Microvascular Disease, n (%) 29 (1.6) 23 (0.2) < 0.001
Macrovascular Disease, n (%) 76 (4.3) 111 (1) < 0.001
Heart failure, n (%) 19 (1.1) 16 (0.1) < 0.001
Fatty Liver, n (%) 10 (0.6) 12 (0.1) < 0.001
Obesity, n (%) 61 (3.4) 129 (1.2) < 0.001
Respiratory Disease, n (%) 236 (13.3) 2273 (20.5) < 0.001
Follow up time, years (Mean, SD) 4.2 (1.7) 4.2 (1.7) 0.788