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Table 1 Social demographic and characteristics of patients, pre- and post-implementation of a “Treatment as Prevention” strategy for HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Hangzhou

From: Reduction in HIV community viral loads following the implementation of a “Treatment as Prevention” strategy over 2 years at a population-level among men who have sex with men in Hangzhou, China

Variables N (%) Before implementation (2014) (%) After implementation (2016) (%) Univariate Multivariate
χ2 P-value AOR(95% CI)
Marital status     8.12 0.017  
 Single 628(66.1) 307(62.7) 321(71.3)    
 Married/cohabitation 141(14.8) 81(16.5) 60(13.3)    
 Divorced/separated 171(18.0) 102(20.8) 69(15.3)    
Ethnicity     0.01 0.946  
 Han 923(97.2) 481(98.2) 442(98.2)    
 Minority 17(1.8) 9(1.8) 8(1.8)    
Education     18.70 <0.001  
 Junior high school and below 266(28.0) 161(32.9) 105(23.3)    1.00
 High school and junior college 258(27.2) 144(29.4) 114(25.3)    1.20(0.85–1.71)
 College 416(43.8) 185(37.8) 231(51.3)    1.89(1.38–2.60)
Age, years     2.98 0.395  
 < 25 267(28.1) 131(26.7) 136(30.2)    
 25–29 250(26.3) 126(25.7) 124(27.6)    
 30–39 260(27.4) 141(28.8) 119(26.4)    
 ≥ 40 163(17.2) 92(18.8) 71(15.8)    
Follow-up     1.42 0.233  
 Yes 841(88.5) 444(90.6) 397(88.2)    
 No 99(10.4) 46(9.4) 53(11.8)    
CD4 count (cells/μL)     11.33 0.010  
 0–199 81(8.5) 53(10.9) 28(5.9)    1.00
 200–349 237(24.9) 129(26.5) 108(22.6)    1.58(0.93–2.68)
 350–499 286(30.1) 153(31.4) 133(27.9)    1.67(0.99–2.81)
 ≥ 500 330(34.7) 152(31.2) 178(37.3)    2.16(1.30–3.61)
Registered residence       
 Local 771(81.2) 407(83.1) 364(80.9) 0.75 0.386  
 Nonlocal 169(17.8) 73(16.9) 86(19.1)    
ART     113.33 <0.001
 Yes 627(66.7) 250(51.0) 377(83.8)    
 No 313(33.3) 240(49.0) 73(16.2)    
  1. * Pre- and post-implementation, 3 patients were deficient in CD4 count
  2. Acronyms: χ2 chi squared test, AOR, adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
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