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Table 2 Diagnostic findings, treatment, and outcomes, stratified by ability to produce a sputum sample

From: Diagnosing tuberculosis in hospitalized HIV-infected individuals who cannot produce sputum: is urine lipoarabinomannan testing the answer?

  Sputum-scarce N = 187 Sputum-producing N = 2341 p-value
Positive urine LAM (%) 25/80a (31%) 250/1173 (21%) 0.038
Sputum culture positive   1691/2306 (27%)  
Chest X-ray performed 164/187 (88%) 1286/2341 (55%) <0.001
CXR suggestive of TB 96/164 (59%) 615/1286 (48%) 0.010
Received TB treatment 89/186 (48%) 1157/2340 (49%) 0.68
Death within 8 weeks 60/187 (32%) 560/2341 (24%) 0.013
  1. aA total of 80 patients in the sputum-scarce cohort were randomized to the LAM arm in the parent study and had a urine LAM test performed