Skip to main content

Table 2 Incidence of bacterial conjunctivitis reported by trial arm

From: Does azithromycin given to women in labour decrease ocular bacterial infection in neonates? A double-blind, randomized trial

Characteristic Azithromycin arm (N = 419) n (%) Placebo arm (N = 424) n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
Purulent discharge 18 (4.3) 22 (5.2) 0.82 (0.44,1.54) 0.628
Any bacteria detected 5 (1.2) 16 (3.8) 0.31 (0.12,0.82) 0.025
Any gram-positive 4 (1.0) 14 (3.3) 0.28 (0.10,0.82) 0.029
S. aureus 4 (1.0) 12 (2.8) 0.33 (0.11,0.98) 0.074
S. pneumoniae 0 (0.0) 2 (0.5) 0.00 (0.00,1.94) 0.499
Any gram-negative 1 (0.2) 6 (1.4) 0.17 (0.00,1.06) 0.123
H. influenzae 0 (0.0) 3 (0.7) 0.00 (0.00,1.29) 0.249
M. catarrhalis 0 (0.0) 3 (0.7) 0.00 (0.00,1.29) 0.249
N. gonorrhoeae 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 1.01 (0.00, NA) 1.00
C. trachomatis 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Bacterial co-infectiona 0 (0.0) 4 (0.9) 0.00 (0.00,0.97) 0.124
  1. aBacterial co-infections: (i) S. aureus and H. influenzae; (ii) S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae; (iii) S. aureus and N. gonohorreae (iv) M. catarrhalis, S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae