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Table 5 Distribution of total vaccine delivery costs by input type in 2016 US dollars

From: Delivery cost analysis of a reactive mass cholera vaccination campaign: a case study of Shanchol™ vaccine use in Lake Chilwa, Malawi

  Financial costs Economic costs
  2016 US$ Percentage 2016 US$ Percentage
Vehicle, fuel, lubricant, and maintenance 32,342 24.82 32,661 13.68
 Fuel and ground transportation 25,278 19.40 25,278 10.59
 Lubricant and maintenance 124 0.10 124 0.05
 Rental (car, boat, etc.) 6,940 5.32 7,259 3.04
Personnel from international partners 0 0.00 90,353 37.85
 Salary 0 0.00 62,420 26.15
 Per diems 0 0.00 24,326 10.19
 International transport and visas 0 0.00 3,607 1.51
Personnel, local 62,386 47.87 78,960 33.08
 Salary (opportunity cost MoH staff) 0 0.00 16,574 6.94
 Per diems (mobilizers, volunteers, local staff, etc.) 62,386 47.87 62,386 26.14
Material 14,483 11.11 15,599 6.54
 Banners, T-shirts 12,943 9.93 12,943 5.43
 Supplies (printings, plastic bags, etc) 117 0.09 117 0.05
 Equipment 1,423 1.09 2,539 1.06
Operating costs 19,753 15.16 19,753 8.28
 Operating costs (on-site expenses) 10,299 7.90 10,299 4.32
 Communication 9,454 7.26 9,454 3.96
Catering & other expenses 1,355 1.04 1,355 0.57
 Beverages, drinks, water, etc 1,092 0.84 1,092 0.46
 Miscalleneous 263 0.20 263 0.11
Total costs 130,319 100.00 238,681 100.00