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Table 2 Predictors of anaemia at presentation in children <5 years with uncomplicated falciparum malaria

From: Factors contributing to anaemia after uncomplicated falciparum malaria in under five year-old Nigerian children ten years following adoption of artemisinin-based combination therapies as first-line antimalarials

Variable Total no. No. with anaemia at presentation OR (95% CI) P value AOR (95% CI) P value
Gender
 Female 437 158 1    
 Male 522 197 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 0.66
Age (months)
 > 15 837 296 1   1  
 ≤ 15 114 56 1.8 (1.2–2.6) 0.01 1.5 (0.9–2.5) 0.09
Duration of illness (days)
 ≤ 2 295 92 1   1  
 > 2 330 138 1.6 (1.1–2.2) 0.01 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 0.02
Enrolment body temperature (°C)
 ≤ 37.4 357 143 1    
 > 37.4 601 211 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.14
History of fever
 Absent 169 70 1    
 Present 789 284 1.2 (0.9–1.8) 0.22
Asexual parasitaemia (μL−1)
 > 10,000 389 160 1   1  
 ≤ 10,000 564 193 1.3 (1.1–1.8) 0.003 1.5 (1.1–2.2) 0.02
Gametocyte carriage at presentation
 Absent 912 333 1    
 Present 47 22 1.5 (0.6–2.8) 0.2
Season of enrolment
 Dry (November–March) 69 24 1    
 Wet (April–October) 890 331 1.1 (0.7–1.9) 0.79
Region of enrolment
 Eastern flanka 456 180 1    
 Western flankb 503 175 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 0.15
  1. OR odd ratio, AOR adjusted odd ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aEastern flank includes: Numan, Neni, Ogbia and Ogwa in Adamawa, Anambra, Bayelsa and Imo States, respectively
  3. bWestern flank includes: Kura, Ilorin, Ibadan and Bodinga in Kano, Kwara, Oyo and Sokoto States, respectively