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Table 1 Demographic features and underlying diseases of 80 patients with cryptococcosis

From: Clinical features of pulmonary cryptococcosis among patients with different levels of peripheral blood CD4+ T lymphocyte counts

  CD4 ≤ 378/μL
N = 45 (%)
CD4 > 378/μL
N = 35 (%)
P-value
Male (N) 28 (62.2) 25 (71.4) 0.39
Age (years)
 Mean ± SD 40.3 ± 14.0 44.2 ± 13.2 0.210
 Range 16–78 18–71  
Underlying disease
 AIDS 14 (31.1) 0  
 SOT 9 (20) 3 (8.6)  
 Autoimmune disease 11 (24.4) 2 (5.7)  
 Renal disease 3 (6.7) 4 (11.4)  
 Blood disease 1 (2.2) 1 (2.9)  
 Diabetes mellitus 1 (2.2) 4 (11.4)  
 Malignant tumor 2 (4.4) 0  
 Other diseases 1 (2.2) 4 (11.4)  
 No diseases 3 (6.7) 17 (48.6) <0.001
Medication history
 Corticosteroids 24 (53.3) 10 (28.6) 0.026
 immunosuppressants 18 (40) 6 (17.1) 0.027
Exposure history 3 (6.7) 3 (8.6)  
  1. AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome, SOT solid organ transplant, Exposure history: close contact with animal excreta, such as pigeon droppings or other natural materials contaminated by fungi