Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Risk factors associated with 14-day inpatient mortality in children with BSI

From: Bloodstream infections at a tertiary level paediatric hospital in South Africa

Factor Univariate HR (95% CI) P value Adjusted HR (95%CI) P value
Age N = 693    
 0–28 days 0.9 (0.4–2) 0.834 1  
 1 - < 2 months 2.2 (1.1–4.6) 0.035 1  
 2 - < 12 months 1.2 (0.8–2) 0.376 1  
 12 months – 5 years 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 0.219 1  
  > 5 years 1   1  
Nutritional status N = 693    
 Severe underweight for age 2.4 (1.5–3.9) 0.0001 2.0 (1.2–3.3) 0.007
 Moderate underweight for age 1.1 (0.6–2) 0.851 1  
 Mild-normal weight for age 1   1  
 Weight not recorded 2.4 (1–5.9) 0.060 4.9 (1.2–20.8) 0.029
Haemoglobin N = 693    
 Severe anaemia (< 7 g/dL) 3.3 (1.7–6.4) 0.001 2.7 (1.3–5.6) 0.006
 Mild anaemia (7–11 g/dL) 1 (0.6–1.7) 0.909 1  
 No anaemia (≥ 11 g/dL) 1   1  
 Result not available 3.7 (1.2–11.9) 0.025 4.2 (1.3–13.7) 0.018
ICU management N = 693    
 ICU resident at time of BSI 1.5 (0.89–2.7) 0.124 6.5 (3.7–11.6) 0.0001
 BSI requiring ICU management 5.2 (3.3–8.4) 0.0001 3.5 (1.8–6.7) 0.0001
 BSI not requiring ICU management 1   1  
Type of BSI N = 693    
 CA 1   1  
 HA 1.2 (0.8–2) 0.377 1  
 HCA 0.9 (0.4–1.9) 0.806 1  
HIV infection N = 693    
 Yes 1.5 (0.8–2.9) 0.221 1  
 No 1   1  
 Unknown status 0.8 (0.5–1.5) 0.523 1