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Table 4 Spectrum of organisms identified during the study period 2011–2012

From: Bloodstream infections at a tertiary level paediatric hospital in South Africa

  CA-BSI
n/N (%)
HA-BSI
n/N (%)
HCA-BSI
n/N (%)
Total BSIs
n/N (%)
(N = 248) (N = 371) (N = 74) (N = 693)
Gram-negative bacteria 117 (47.2) 240 (64.7) 43 (58.1) 400 (57.7)
 Escherichia coli 49 (19.8) 33 (8.9) 10 (13.5) 92 (13.3)
 Klebsiella pneumoniae 5 (2) 78 (21) 9 (12.2) 92 (13.3)
 Acinetobacter baumanii 4 (1.6) 54 (14.6) 1 (1.4) 59 (8.5)
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 3 (1.2) 19 (5.1) 4 (5.4) 26 (3.8)
 Non-typhoidal Salmonella 11 (4.4) 6 (1.6) 3 (4.1) 20 (2.9)
 Enterobacter cloacae 3 (1.2) 12 (3.2) 3 (4.1) 18 (2.6)
 Serratia marcescens 0 (0) 17 (4.6) 1 (1.4) 18 (2.6)
 Neisseria meningitidis 12 (4.8) 0 (0) 1 (1.4) 13 (1.9)
 Haemophilus influenza B 6 (2.4) 1 (0.3) 2 (2.7) 9 (1.3)
 Salmonella typhi 4 (1.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (0.6)
 Other 20 (8.1) 20 (5.4) 9 (12.2) 49 (7.1)
Gram-positive bacteria 124 (50) 97 (26.1) 28 (37.8) 249 (35.9)
Staphylococcus aureus 55 (22.2) 37 (10) 11 (14.9) 103 (14.9)
Streptococcus pneumoniae 45 (18.1) 6 (1.6) 6 (8.1) 57 (8.2)
Enterococcus faecalis 4 (1.6) 23 (6.2) 5 (6.8) 32 (4.6)
Streptococcus group B 13 (5.2) 0 (0) 4 (5.4) 17 (2.5)
Enterococcus faecium 2 (0.8) 14 (3.8) 0 (0) 16 (2.3)
 Other 5 (2) 17 (4.6) 2 (2.7) 24 (3.5)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 1 (0.4) 1 (0.3) 0 (0) 2 (0.3)
 Fungi 6 (2.4) 33 (8.9) 3 (4.1) 42 (6.1)
  Candida albicans 1 (0.4) 16 (4.3) 2 (2.7) 19 (2.7)
  Candida parapsilosis 1 (0.4) 9 (2.4) 1 (1.4) 11 (1.6)
  Other Candida species 4 (1.6) 8 (2.2) 0 (0) 12 (1.7)
  1. N = denominator used unless otherwise stated