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Table 3 Pathogens identified in samples negative for yellow fever IgM, CAR, 2008–2010

From: Identification of pathogens for differential diagnosis of fever with jaundice in the Central African Republic: a retrospective assessment, 2008–2010

Infectious agent No. of samples testeda No. positive (%)
HBsAg 162 32 (19.8)
HEVb 198 27 (13.6)
HCVAg 162 9 (5.6)
P. falciparum 198 4 (2.0)
Anti-HDc 50 17 (34.0)
HEV + HBsAg 162 6 (3.7)
HBsAg + HCVAg 162 4 (2.5)
HBsAg + P. falciparum 162 4 (2.5)
P. falciparum + HCVAg 162 3 (1.9)
HCVAg + HEV 162 2 (1.2)
HEV + P. falciparum 198 2 (1.0)
HBsAg + HEV + P. falciparum 162 2 (1.2)
HBsAg + HEV + HCVAg 162 1 (0.6)
HBSAg + P. falciparum + HCVAg 162 1 (0.6)
Other pathogensd 198 0 (0,0)
  1. aAfter testing sera for leptospirosis; dengue arbovirus; chikungunya, Zika, Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever, West Nile and Rift Valley viruses; and P. falciparum, sufficient quantities of serum remained for testing only a further 162 samples
  2. bHepatitis E virus, tested with qPCR
  3. cHepatitis delta virus
  4. dLeptospirosis; DENV; CHIK, ZIKV, CCHFV, WNV and RVFV