Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals bivariate and multivariate models of the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms among 331 patients with acute respiratory infections (ARIs)

From: Clinical and virological factors associated with gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with acute respiratory infection: a two-year prospective study in general practice medicine

Characteristics ARI patients With GI symptoms
N = 189 (%)
ARI patients Without GI symptoms
N = 142 (%)
ORa [95% IC]
(p-value)
aORb [95% CI]
(p-value)
High Fever (>39 °C) 99 (52.4) 57 (40.1) 1.6 [1.1-2.5]
(0.01)
1.7[1.1-2.7]
(0.03)
Headaches 151 (79.9) 93 (65.6) 2 [1.2-3.4]
(0.002)
2 [1.2-3.4]
(0.003)
Human Coronavirus in single infection in nasopharynx 22 (11.6) 6 (4.2) 2.9 [1.1-7.6]
(0.01)
2.7 [1.2-6.8]
(0.02)
Antipyretic consumption before consultation among 104 influenza patients without co-infection 32/59 (54.2) 35/45 (77.8) 0.3 [0.1-0.8]
(0.001)
0.3 [0.1-0.6]
(0.002)
Pathogens detected in stools
 Influenza A 8 (4.2) 4 (2.8) 1.5 [0.4-5.2]
(0.46)
n.i.
 Influenza B 6 (3.1) 7 (4.9) 0.6 [0.2-1.9]
0.66
n.i
 Human Rhinovirus 6 (3.1) 7 (4.9) 0.6 [0.2-1.9]
(0.66)
n.i
 Human Coronavirus 3 (1.6) 1 (0.7) 2.3 [0.3-22.1]
(0.42)
n.i
 Respiratory Syncytial Virus 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) n.i. n.i
 Human Bocavirus 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) n.i. n.i
 Human Metapneumovirus 1 (0.5) 1 (0.7) n.i. n.i
 Human Parainfluenzavirus 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) n.i. n.i
 All respiratory pathogens 26 (13.7) 20 (14.1) 0.9 [0.5 1.9]
(1)
n.i
 Enteric pathogens 19 (10.0) 5 (3.5) 3.0 [1.2-8.4]
(0.02)
3.2 [1.2-9.9]
(0.02)
  1. aCrude odds ratios (OR) from bivariate models
  2. baOR = Adjusted odds ratios from multivariate models
  3. CI confidence interval, n.i. =not included in the model