Skip to main content

Table 2 Microorganisms identified in patients admitted with hemodialysis-associated pneumonia

From: Proposed risk factors for infection with multidrug-resistant pathogens in hemodialysis patients hospitalized with pneumonia

Microorganismsa No. of patients (%)
Identified microorganismsb
Gram-positive bacteria
53 (50.4%)
Streptococcus pneumoniae 10 (9.5%)
Staphylococcus aureus 17 (16.1%)
  MSSA 7 (6.6%)
  MRSA 10 (9.5%)
Gram-negative bacteria  
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7 (6.6%)
Haemophilus influenza 0 (0%)
Klebsiella pneumoniae 11 (10.4%)
  ESBL (+) 3 (2.8%)
  ESBL (−) 8 (7.6%)
Acinetobacter baumannii 6 (5.7%)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 1 (0.9%)
Mycoplasma pneumonia 2 (1.9%)
 Other gram-negative speciesc 5 (4.7%)
Polymicrobial pathogens 8 (7.6%)
Multidrug-resistant pathogensd 24 (22.8%)
  1. Data are presented as number (%)
  2. HDAP: hemodialysis-associated pneumonia; MSSA: methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus; MRSA: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  3. aAllowed for overlap
  4. bOne or more pathogens may be listed
  5. cOther gram-negative species include Escherichia coli, Enterobacter species, Serratia marcescens, and Legionella pneumophilia
  6. dMultidrug-resistant pathogens include Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas species, Acinetobacter species, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae