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Table 1 Risk factors in the occurrence of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in HIV/AIDS patients

From: Infection by and genotype characteristics of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in HIV/AIDS patients from Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region, China

Risk factor Number Infection number Infection rate (%) χ2 P value
Population
 HIV/AIDS 285 33 11.6 37.170 <0.01
 Control 303 0 0   
Gender
 Male 216 27 12.5 0.739 0.390
 Female 69 6 8.7   
Age group(years)
  < 40 93 12 13.0 0.268 0.875
 40–60 113 12 10.7   
  > 60 79 9 11.4   
Occupation
 Farmer 217 31 14.3 6.366 0.012*
 Others 68 2 2.9   
Education
 Primary 38 2 5.3 3.601 0.165
 Middle 123 19 15.4   
 Senior 124 12 9.7   
Course of disease
 HIV 32 5 15.6 0.550 0.458
 AIDS 253 28 11.1   
CD4+ cell count
 CD4 ≥ 200 49 4 8.2 1.000
 CD4 < 200 119 11 9.2   
HAART treat
 Yes 119 12 9.2 1.48 0.224
 No 131 21 13.8   
Transmission route
 Sexual transmission 240 29 12.1 0.274 0.601
 Others 45 4 8.9   
Marital status
 Married or cohabiting 214 29 13.6 3.155 0.076
 Single 71 4 5.6   
Unboiled water
 Yes 19 5 26.3 4.282 0.039*
 No 266 28 10.5   
  1. Note: *Chi-square analysis of different risk factors for the rates of infection Enterocytozoon bieneusi by the three parasites; P < 0.05