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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analyses of sexual behaviors of men who have sex with men, by condom use

From: HIV infected men who have sex with men in Israel: knowledge, attitudes and sexual behavior

Characteristic Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
UAI N = 532 (%) Always condom N = 1066 (%) P OR (95% CI) P
Demographic Age in years (mean ± Sd) 34.0 ± 9.8 33.7 ± 10.4 0.04 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.9
Israeli born 480 (90.2) 969 (91.2) 0.6   
Less than average incomea 303 (61.7) 668 (60.4) 0.5   
Jew 487 (94.9) 960 (95.0) 0.9   
University educationa 313 (63.7) 674 (61.0) 0.1   
Self-identified gay 472 (95.0) 850 (86.4) <0.001 2.2 (0.9–5.5) 0.07
Previous STD diagnoses HIV-infected 126 (23.7) 223 (20.1) 0.01 1.2 (0.8–1.3) 0.09
Neisseria gonorrhea 126 (23.7) 138 (12.9) <0.001   
Syphilis 15 (9.6) 50 (4.7) <0.001   
Hepatitis B 17 (3.2) 14 (1.3) 0.02   
Knowledge about HIV transmission Treated HIV-infected individual has low risk of transmission 240 (51.3) 402 (47.1) 0.1   
In case the condom breaks, I will recommend PEP to the partner 287 (61.2) 625 (73.4) <0.001 2.7 (2.0–3.6) <0.001
Raising HIV issue before/ during sex HIV issue is usually being raised before sex 266 (50.1) 415 (39.1) <0.001 1.6 (1.4–2.6) 0.01
Type of partner Steady 378 (71.1) 236 (22.1) <0.001 15.3 (10.1–23.7) <0.001
Sex buddy 227 (42.7) 415 (38.9) 0.1   
Casual 385 (72.4) 796 (74.7) 0.2   
Where do you meet your sex partners? Phone applications 399 (85.3) 761 (88.2) 0.6   
Facebook 61 (13.0) 104 (12.3) 0.7   
Park 24 (5.1) 49 (5.8) 0.6   
Sauna 39 (8.3) 68 (8.0) 0.9   
Club 54 (11.4) 107 (12.6) 0.6   
Friends 45 (9.6) 80 (9.4) 0.9   
Gym 10 (2.1) 30 (3.6) 0.2   
Substances/ drugs in the last 6 months Party drugs 316 (65.7) 503 (58.4) 0.005 2.0 (1.2–3.2) 0.006
Alcohol 281 (87.8) 383 (77.8) <0.001   
erectile dysfunction medications 116 (35.8) 107 (21.8) <0.001 2.0 (1.2–3.5) 0.007
Additional risky sexual behavior Age first sexual debut (years) 17.5 ± 4.6 18.5 ± 4.9 0.001 1.2 (1.1–1.2) 0.01
Was paid for sex 85 (18.7) 109 (12.8) 0.05   
I take more risks abroad 134 (26.9) 258 (23.3) 0.08   
Psychiatrics Medical use of anti-depressant drugs in the last 6 months 72 (15.2) 150 (18.3) 0.2   
General subjective health status Dissatisfied with my own healthb 26 (5.5) 59 (7.2) 0.2   
  1. OR Odds ratio
  2. CI Confidence interval
  3. STD Sexually transmitted infections
  4. PEP Post exposure prophylaxis
  5. UAI Unprotected anal intercourse
  6. aAdjusted for age
  7. bDissatisfied vs. satisfied