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Table 2 Factors associated with hepatitis B screening among HIV-infected patients in ten African countries, 2010–2012 (N = 3579)

From: Trends in hepatitis B virus testing practices and management in HIV clinics across sub-Saharan Africa

   Univariable analysis Multivariable analysis
  n / N (%) OR 95% CI P aOR 95% CI P
Age in years (%)     0.09    0.04
 ≤ 40 469 / 2270 (20.7) Ref.   Ref.  
 > 40 302 / 1309 (23.1) 1.15 0.98–1.36   1.20 1.01–1.44  
Sex (%)     0.55    
 Female 489 / 2303 (21.2) Ref.     
 Male 282 / 1276 (22.1) 1.05 0.89–1.24     
African region (%)     <0.001    <0.001
 Central 12 / 298 (4.0) Ref.    Ref.   
 West 313 / 2097 (14.9) 4.18 2.32–7.54   4.20 2.33–7.57  
 East 98 / 584 (16.8) 4.81 2.59–8.91   4.87 2.62–9.02  
 South 348 / 600 (58.0) 32.90 18.07–59.96   33.22 18.23–60.54  
  1. n: number of patients screened for HBV; N: total number of patients; OR: odds ratio; aOR: adjusted odds ratio;
  2. CI: confidence interval; P: p-value
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