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Table 4 Mother’s socio-demographic, serological characteristics and HBsAg sero-prevalence of children

From: Prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B infection among mothers and children with hepatitis B infected mother in upper Dolpa, Nepal

Mother’s characteristics Children’s HBsAg sero-prevalence, n (%) P value*
Yes No
Age  
 Below 30 years 6 (50) 6 (50) .848
 30 and highest 6 (46.2) 7 (53.8)  
Caste/ethnicity  
 Janajati 10 (47.6) 11 (52.4) .930
 Others 2 (50) 2 (50)  
ANC visit  
 Yes 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) .225
 No 10 (55.6) 8 (44.4)  
De-worming  
 Yes 2 (40) 3 (60) .689
 No 10 (50) 10 (50)  
Iron taken  
 Yes 3 (37.5) 5 (62.5) .471
 No 9 (52.9) 8 (47.1)  
Drinks containing alcohol during pregnancy  
 Yes 11 (57.9) 8 (42.1) .078
 No 1 (16.7) 5 (83.3)  
Regularity of alcohol consumption during pregnancy (among users) (n = 19)  
 Every day 5 (62.5) 3 (37.5) .729
 2–3 times to less than once week 6 (54.5) 5 (45.5)  
Form of alcohol taken during the pregnancy (among users %))  
 Jand/Chhyang 8 (50) 8 (50) .107
 Homemade alcohol 3 (100)  
Mother’s HBeAg  
 Positive 6 (60) 4 (40) .327
 Negative 6 (40) 9 (60)  
Mother’s HBeAb  
 Positive 1 (11.1) 8 (88.9) .002
 Negative 11 (68.8) 5 (31.2)  
  1. *Calculated using chi-square test