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Table 1 Reviewed publications, by study type and outcome (n = 45)

From: Community-based surveillance of norovirus disease: a systematic review

First Author Year Published Study Type Surveillance Type Incidence outcome measure Study country Study Duration (Years)
Dedman [15] 1998 Surveillance Passive Norovirus disease UK 5
Wheeler [47] 1999 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis; Norovirus disease UK 3
Lopman [16] 2003 Surveillance Passive UK 7
Froggatt [17] 2004 Surveillance Passive UK 0.5
Sinclair [48] 2005 Cohort Active Australia 1.5
Medici [42] 2006 Cohort Passive Italy 1
Vernacchio [38] 2006 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis USA 1.5
Bucardo [43] 2008 Cohort Passive Nicaragua 1
Gomara [39] 2008 Cohort Active UK 1.25
Huhulescu [49] 2009 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis Austria 1
Iturriza-Gomara [40] 2009 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis UK 1.66
Gauci [52] 2010 Cross-sectional survey Active All gastroenteritis Malta 1.66
Kirk [27] 2010 Outbreak surveillance Passive Australia 6
Kirk [50] 2010 Cohort Active Australia 1
Liu [33] 2010 Surveillance Passive China 1
Moyo [57] 2011 Cross-sectional survey Passive Tanzania 0.25
Scallan [19] 2011 Surveillance Passive USA 8
Vega [22] 2011 Outbreak surveillance Passive USA 1
Baumann-Popczyk [53] 2012 Cross-sectional survey Active All gastroenteritis Poland 1
Oldak [35] 2012 Surveillance Passive All gastroenteritis Poland 1
Ouyang [34] 2012 Surveillance Passive China 1
Tam [11] 2012 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis; Norovirus disease UK 1.33
Thouillot [24] 2012 Outbreak surveillance Passive France 0.33
Ahmed [54] 2013 Cross-sectional survey Active All gastroenteritis Dominica 1.5
Gould [23] 2013 Outbreak surveillance Passive USA 10
Ingram [55] 2013 Cross-sectional survey Active All gastroenteritis Barbados 1
Nahar [32] 2013 Surveillance Passive Bangladesh 1
Payne [31] 2013 Surveillance Active Norovirus hospitalisation USA 2
Saupe [21] 2013 Surveillance Passive USA 1.25
Trainor [36] 2013 Surveillance Passive Malawi 10
Verhoef [56] 2013 Cross-sectional survey Passive Norovirus disease Netherlands 1
Arena [20] 2014 Surveillance Passive All gastroenteritis France 2
Barret [25] 2014 Outbreak surveillance Passive France 1.5
Bernard [18] 2014 Surveillance Passive Norovirus disease Germany 8
Anders [45] 2015 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis Vietnam 4
Ballard [51] 2015 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis; Norovirus disease Peru 9
Enserink [41] 2015 Cohort Active All gastroenteritis Netherlands 3
Fernandez [37] 2015 Case–control Passive Colombia not stated
Gaspard [26] 2015 Outbreak surveillance Active France 6
Lekana-Douki [44] 2015 Cohort Passive Gabon 1.25
Leshem [30] 2015 Surveillance Active Norovirus hospitalisation Isreal 7
Platts-Mills [46] 2015 Cohort Active multi-site 3
Sakon [28] 2015 Surveillance Passive Japan 10
Thongprachum [29] 2015 Surveillance Passive Japan 4
Xue [58] 2015 Cross-sectional survey Active China 2