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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients during 2008 and 2015

From: Shifting trends in bacteriology and antimicrobial resistance among gastrointestinal fistula patients in China: an eight-year review in a tertiary-care hospital

  2008–2012
(n = 239)
2012–2015
(n = 263)
P
Gender
 Male 169 (70.71%) 188 (71.48%) 0.849
Age (years) 44.85 ± 14.99 48.05 ± 15.62 0.020
  ≤ 16 6 (2.51%) 3 (1.14%) 0.248
 17–32 49 (20.50%) 41 (15.59%) 0.152
 33–48 88 (36.82%) 96 (36.50%) 0.941
 49–64 76 (31.80%) 81 (30.80%) 0.809
  ≥ 65 20 (8.37%) 42 (15.97%) 0.010
Patient location
 ICU 150 (62.76%) 123 (46.77%) <0.001
Fistula location,
 Upper gastrointestinal 107 (45.15%) 98 (37.26%) 0.073
 Lower gastrointestinal 106 (44.35%) 150 (57.03%) 0.005
 Both 19 (7.95%) 15 (5.70%) 0.317
Co-morbidities
 Hypertension 39 (16.32%) 57 (21.67%) 0.128
 Diabetes 20 (8.37%) 30 (11.41%) 0.256
 Cancer 16 (6.69%) 42 (15.97%) 0.001
 IBD 8 (3.35%) 16 (6.08%) 0.151
 Lung Injury 33 (13.81%) 45 (17.11%) 0.308
 Renal Injury 22 (9.21%) 44 (16.73%) 0.013
30-day mortality 66 (27.62%) 74 (28.14%) 0.896