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Table 3 Perception of causations and preventive strategies of malaria, Ethiopia

From: Caretakers’ understanding of malaria, use of insecticide treated net and care seeking-behavior for febrile illness of their children in Ethiopia

  Frequency %
Perception of causation   
 Misquote bite 471 66.4
 Stagnant water 67 9.4
 Poor sanitation/hygiene 67 9.4
 Weather or cold 45 6.3
 Foul smell from dirty things 43 6.1
 Drinking dirty water 36 5.1
 Hunger 19 2.7
 Dietsa 16 2.3
 Don’t know 38 5.4
 Othersb 54 7.6
Knowledge of prevention strategies   
 Sleeping under Insecticide treated net 512 72.2
 Clean home and surroundings 275 38.8
 Draining stagnant water 113 15.9
 Spraying home and around with Indoor Residual Spraying chemicals 50 7.1
 Sanitation and personal hygiene 27 3.8
 Using toilet 18 2.5
 Eating good diet 17 2.4
 Avoid walking in rain 15 2.1
 Drinking clean water 13 1.8
 Don’t know 54 7.6
 Othersc 26 3.4
  1. adirty, cold, leftover, sweaty, roasted maize, sugarcane, fruits (mango, Papaya, avocado, tomato)
  2. bwalking in weed (13), flower from trees (13), Getting soaked with rain water (8), Walking in sun (6), Thirsty (3), dressing hot and moist clothes (1), walking in wet grass (1), earth’s soul-‘Afura lafaa’ (1), Contamination by flies (1), Parasite/rammoo adda adda (1)
  3. cEating fresh food (5), eating chill or pepper (3), closing doors (3), smoking (2), avoid walking during sunny time (2), avoid cold weather (2), eating onion (2), avoid eating sugarcane (1), not eating sweaty food (1), avoid fruits such as papaya (1), drinking bile (hadhoftu-1), avoid eating roasted maize (1), spraying fleet (1), not eating damaged avocadao (1)