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Table 3 Predictors of general knowledge about Zika virus at univariate and multivariable analysis

From: Knowledge and perceptions about Zika virus in a Middle East country

Variable Category POOR
Knowledge
BASIC or BROAD knowledge about Zika
  Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
N (% row) N (% row) OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
Gender Female 199 (71.1) 81 (28.9) 1.00   1.00  
Male 91 (56.5) 70 (43.5) 1.89 (1.26–2.83) 0.002 1.42 (0.90–2.24) 0.13
Age Less than 20 69 (78.4) 19 (21.6) 1.00   1.00  
20–29 115 (70.6) 48 (29.4) 1.52 (0.82–2.79) 0.18 0.92 (0.45–1.85) 0.81
30–39 57 (58.2) 41 (41.8) 2.61 (1.37–4.99) 0.004 1.06 (0.40–2.80) 0.91
40 or more 39 (51.3) 37 (48.7) 3.45 (1.75–6.79) 0.0004 1.02 (0.37–2.85) 0.96
Marital status Single 178 (69.5) 78 (30.5) 1.00    
Ever married 113 (61.7) 70 (38.3) 1.41 (0.95–2.11) 0.09   
Nationality GCC countries 53 (81.5) 12 (18.5) 1.00   1.00  
Middle East 60 (78.9) 16 (21.1)
Asia 90 (68.7) 41 (31.3) 1.81 (1.07–3.09) 0.03 1.69 (0.96–2.95) 0.07
Africa 21 (70.0) 9 (30.0)
Europe 19 (57.6) 14 (42.4) 4.65 (2.67–8.08) <0.0001 3.93 (2.11–7.34) <0.0001
North America/Australia/New Zealand 34 (42.0) 47 (58.0)
Role Student 143 (74.9) 48 (25.1) 1.00   1.00  
Staff 99 (61.1) 63 (38.9) 1.91 (1.21–3.01) 0.005 1.02 (0.50–2.08) 0.96
Faculty 23 (54.8) 19 (45.2) 2.48 (1.24–4.94) 0.01 1.14 (0.43–3.06) 0.79
Online survey 29 (58.0) 21 (42.0) 2.17 (1.13–4.16) 0.02 1.51 (0.65–3.52) 0.34
Institution Other institutions 179 (66.5) 90 (33.5) 1.00   1.00  
VCU-Q (Art, design) 45 (93.8) 3 (6.3) 0.13 (0.04–0.41) 0.0006 0.19 (0.06–0.67) 0.04
WCM-Q (Medicine) 41 (55.4) 33 (44.6) 1.51 (0.90–2.52) 0.07 1.81 (1.03–3.20) 0.009
  1. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) obtained from logistic regression model. All variables significantly associated with knowledge about Zika virus at univariate analysis were included in the multivariable model
  2. Bold data refers to findings significant at P  <  0.05