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Table 2 Responses to the survey: General knowledge about Zika virus

From: Knowledge and perceptions about Zika virus in a Middle East country

Question Answer All Female Male Student Staff Faculty Online survey
N (% col) N (% col) N (% col) N (% col) N (% col) N (% col) N (% col)
  All participants 446 (100) 280 (100) 161 (100) 191 (100) 162 (100) 42 (100) 50 (100)
How did you hear about Zika virus? I have not heard about Zika virus 68 (15.2) 48 (17.1) 18 (11.2) 44 (23.0) 15 (9.3) 4 (9.5) 4 (8.0)
Friends or family 75 (16.8) 46 (16.4) 27 (16.8) 38 (19.9) 25 (15.4) 5 (11.9) 7 (14.0)
Doctor’s office 8 (1.8) 4 (1.4) 4 (2.5) 5 (2.6) 1 (0.6) 1 (2.4) 1 (2.0)
Radio 48 (10.8) 27 (9.6) 21 (13.0) 14 (7.3) 18 (11.1) 8 (19.0) 8 (16.0)
TV 191 (42.8) 110 (39.3) 81 (50.3) 66 (34.6) 83 (51.2) 23 (54.8) 19 (38.0)
Internet 271 (60.8) 161 (57.5) 108 (67.1) 105 (55.0) 105 (64.8) 24 (57.1) 37 (74.0)
Social media 195 (43.7) 115 (41.1) 78 (48.4) 83 (43.5) 76 (46.9) 15 (35.7) 21 (42.0)
Another source 23 (5.2) 15 (5.4) 8 (5.0) 8 (4.2) 7 (4.3) 2 (4.8) 6 (12.0)
I cannot remember the source 6 (1.3) 4 (1.4) 2 (1.2) 2 (1.0) 2 (1.2) 2 (4.8) 0 (0.0)
Is there a vaccine to prevent Zika? Yes 97 (21.7) 68 (24.3) 26 (16.1) 49 (25.7) 30 (18.5) 7 (16.7) 11 (22.0)
No [√] 306 (68.6) 182 (65.0) 122 (75.8) 123 (64.4) 117 (72.2) 31 (73.8) 34 (68.0)
Missing 43 (9.6) 30 (10.7) 13 (8.1) 19 (9.9) 15 (9.3) 4 (9.5) 5 (10.0)
How is Zika spread? Eating contaminated food 21 (4.7) 16 (5.7) 4 (2.5) 15 (7.9) 6 (3.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Drinking polluted water 31 (7.0) 20 (7.1) 10 (6.2) 20 (10.5) 7 (4.3) 2 (4.8) 2 (4.0)
Through sexual intercourse [√] 126 (28.3) 72 (25.7) 53 (32.9) 47 (24.6) 48 (29.6) 17 (40.5) 14 (28.0)
Through coughing and sneezing 52 (11.7) 34 (12.1) 17 (10.6) 32 (16.8) 15 (9.3) 1 (2.4) 4 (8.0)
Through breastfeeding 37 (8.3) 25 (8.9) 12 (7.5) 18 (9.4) 11 (6.8) 4 (9.5) 4 (8.0)
From a blood transfusion [√] 103 (23.1) 64 (22.9) 39 (24.2) 40 (20.9) 43 (26.5) 12 (28.6) 8 (16.0)
Mother to child during pregnancy [√] 192 (43.0) 127 (45.4) 64 (39.8) 75 (39.3) 84 (51.9) 19 (45.2) 14 (28.0)
Bite from an infected mosquito [√] 327 (73.3) 201 (71.8) 123 (76.4) 124 (64.9) 124 (76.5) 34 (81.0) 45 (98.0)
Other 4 (0.9) 2 (0.7) 1 (0.6) 1 (0.5) 3 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Who can get Zika? Adult men [√] 253 (56.7) 141 (50.4) 110 (68.3) 92 (48.2) 103 (63.6) 28 (66.7) 30 (60.0)
Adult women [√] 269 (60.3) 152 (54.3) 115 (71.4) 101 (52.9) 110 (67.9) 28 (66.7) 30 (60.0)
Pregnant women [√] 366 (82.1) 226 (80.7) 137 (85.1) 141 (73.8) 146 (90.1) 36 (85.7) 43 (86.0)
Children [√] 304 (68.2) 182 (65.0) 118 (73.3) 122 (63.9) 117 (72.2) 31 (73.8) 33 (66.0)
If a pregnant woman has Zika, there are risks for her baby/fetus Agree [√] 345 (77.4) 214 (76.4) 127 (78.9) 135 (70.7) 136 (84.0) 37 (88.1) 36 (72.0)
Disagree 3 (0.7) 1 (0.4) 2 (1.2) 1 (0.5) 2 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Not sure 98 (22.0) 65 (23.2) 32 (19.9) 55 (28.8) 24 (14.8) 5 (11.9) 14 (28.0)
General knowledge about Zikaa POOR 295 (66.1) 199 (71.1) 91 (56.5) 143 (74.9) 99 (61.1) 23 (54.8) 29 (58.0)
BASIC 122 (27.4) 62 (22.1) 60 (37.3) 41 (21.5) 48 (29.6) 15 (35.7) 18 (36.0)
BROAD 29 (6.5) 19 (6.8) 10 (6.2) 7 (3.7) 15 (9.3) 4 (9.5) 3 (6.0)
  1. [√] indicates correct answers; Multiple answers could be selected for the first, third and fourth questions
  2. a POOR: Don’t know that there is currently no vaccine for Zika virus and/or that the disease is transmitted by infected mosquitoes and/or that anyone could get Zika virus; BASIC: Know that there is currently no vaccine for Zika virus, that the disease is transmitted by infected mosquitoes and that anyone could get Zika virus; BROAD: In addition, know that the disease could be transmitted through sexual intercourse, blood transfusion or during pregnancy, and that if a pregnant woman has Zika virus, there are risks for her baby/fetus (All 10 correct answers checked)