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Table 4 Predictors of HIV among TB patients in Volta Region, Ghana from 2012 to 2015

From: The burden of HIV on Tuberculosis patients in the Volta region of Ghana from 2012 to 2015: implication for Tuberculosis control

Characteristic TB/HIV n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Age group (years) 0.001
 0–14 20 (27.0) 1   1  
 15–29 35 (13.7) 0.43 (0.23–0.79)   0.52 (0.27–1.01) 0.054
 30–49 176 (25.0) 0.90 (0.53–1.55)   1.15 (0.65–2.05) 0.632
 50–69 60 (14.1) 0.44 (0.25–0.79)   0.52 (0.28–0.96) 0.036
  ≥ 70 6 (3.5) 0.09 (0.04–0.26)   0.09 (0.04–0.26) 0.001
Sex 0.001
 Male 162 (15.1) 1   1  
 Female 135 (24.1) 1.79 (1.38–2.31)   1.89 (1.44–2.49) 0.001
Patient category 0.931
 New 275 (93.2) 1    
 Transferred in 0 -    
 Defaulter 3 (1.0) 1.50 (0.40–5.58)    
 Treatment failure 6 (2.0) 1.13 (0.46–2.78)    
 Relapse 7 (2.4) 1.09 (0.47–2.51)    
 Other 4 (1.8) 0.72 (0.25–2.09)    
TB classification 0.0015
 Pulmonary positive 151 (15.8) 1   1  
 Pulmonary negative 139 (22.5) 1.54 (1.19–1.99)   1.84 (1.37–2.47) 0.001
 Extra-pulmonary 5 (10.4) 0.62 (0.24–1.59)   0.58 (0.22–1.55) 0.279
Treatment District 0.001
 Ho 52 (13.7) 1   1  
 Hohoe 72 (18.5) 1.44 (0.97–2.12)   1.69 (1.13–2.54) 0.011
 Kadjebi 56 (24.9) 2.09 (1.38–3.19)   2.29 (1.46–3.57) 0.001
 Keta 35 (10.8) 0.77 (0.49–1.21)   0.62 (0.38–0.99) 0.047
 Kpando 82 (26.0) 2.23 (1.51–3.28)   2.15 (1.44–3.21) 0.001
Year registrated 0.419
 2012 105 (19.4) 1    
 2013 73 (19.8) 1.02 (0.73–1.43)    
 2014 53 (15.8) 0.78 (0.54–1.12)    
 2015 66 (17.0) 0.85 (0.61–1.19)    
  1. OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio