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Table 3 Origin and presumed region of infection in cases of recent HIV infection among newly diagnosed HIV cases using DSS/DPS samples in Germany, 2008–2014

From: Surveillance of recent HIV infections among newly diagnosed HIV cases in Germany between 2008 and 2014

  Newly diagnosed HIV cases, n % Univariate analysis
Total with DSS/DPS1 With recent infection OR* 95% CI°
Region of origin
 Germany 6,405 62.4% 2,121 33.1% (ref)  
 Eastern Europe 384 3.7 90 23.4% 0.62# 0.49–0.79
 Western Europe 310 3.0 98 31.6% 0.93 0.73–1.19
 Central Europe 464 4.5 143 30.8% 0.90 0.73–1.10
 Asia / Oceania 274 2.7 65 23.7% 0.63# 0.47–0.83
 America / Caribbean 265 2.6 68 25.7% 0.70## 0.53–0.92
 North / Northeast Africa 90 0.9 20 22.2% 0.58## 0.35–0.95
 sub-Saharan Africa 978 9.5 169 17.3 0.42# 0.35–0.50
 Unknown region 88 0.9 20 22.7% 0.59## 0.36–0.98
 Unknown 999 9.7 290 29.0% 0.83## 0.71–0.96
Region of origin (combined)
 Germany 6,405 62.4 2,121 33.1% (ref)  
 Abroad 2,853 27.8 673 23.6% 0.62# 0.56–0.69
 Unknown 999 9.7 290 29.0% 0.83## 0.71–0.96
Region of presumed infection
 Germany 7,124 69.5 2,346 32.9% (ref)  
 Eastern Europe 215 2.1 41 19.1% 0.48# 0.34–0.68
 Western Europe 205 2.0 70 34.1% 1.06 0.79–1.42
 Central Europe 145 1.4 36 24.8% 0.67## 0.46–0.98
 Asia / Oceania 266 2.6 54 20.3% 0.52# 0.39–0.70
 America / Caribbean 128 1.2 30 23.4% 0.62## 0.41–0.94
 North / Northeast Africa 43 0.4 13 30.2 0.88 0.46–1.70
 sub-Saharan Africa 737 7.2 129 17.5% 0.43# 0.36–0.53
 Unknown Region 64 0.6 14 21.9% 0.57 0.31–1.03
 Unknown 1,330 13.0 351 26.4% 0.73# 0.63–0.83
Region of presumed infection (combined)
 Germany 7,124 69.5 2,346 32.9% (ref)  
 Abroad 1,803 17.6 387 21.5% 0.56# 0.49–0.63
 Unknown 1,330 13.0 351 26.4% 0.73# 0.64–0.83
  1. °95% CI: 95% confidence interval
  2. *OR: odds ratio
  3. 1 DSS/DPS: Dried Serum Spot/Dried Plasma Spot
  4. # p-value: p < =0.001
  5. ## p-value: p < =0.05