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Table 1 Unit costs associated with intervention strategies in Beijing hospitals for the 2008–09 and 2009–10 influenza seasons

From: Cost-effectiveness analysis of N95 respirators and medical masks to protect healthcare workers in China from respiratory infections

Parameters Base case value (2014 USD, Chinese RMB) Source
Equipment costs (‘list price’ per unit)a
 Medical mask 0.14 (1) 3 M China, 3 M Standard Tie-On Surgical Mask (catalogue number mask 1817)b
 N95 respirator 0.79 (5) 3 M China, 3 M flat-fold N95 respirator (catalogue number 9132)c
 Fit Test Kit 608 (3770) 3 M China, 3 M FT-30 Bitrex Fit Test Kitc
Productivity cost of HCW time to be fit testedd
 Doctor 2.48 (15) Trial 1
2.26 (14) Trial 2
Calculated based on estimated monthly staff salaries
 Nurse 1.74 (11) Trial 1
1.58 (10) Trial 2
Calculated based on estimated monthly staff salaries
 Administration staff 1.98 (12) Trial 1
1.81 (11) Trial 2
Calculated based on estimated monthly staff salaries
Unit costs associated clinical respiratory illness (CRI)
 Direct costs   
  Antibiotics (e.g. Azithromycin 6 tablets) 1.93 (12) Beijing pharmaceutical sunshine procurement platform [19]
  Antitussives (e.g. Apricot cough syrup 250 ml bottle) 4.03 (25) Beijing pharmaceutical sunshine procurement platform [19]
  Antipyretics (e.g. Paracetamol 12 tablets) 1.45 (9) Beijing pharmaceutical sunshine procurement platform [19]
  Antivirals (e.g. Oseltamivir 10 tablets) 35.65 (221) Beijing pharmaceutical sunshine procurement platform [19]
  Traditional. Chinese Medicine (e.g. Ganmao Qingre Granules) 10 bags 1.93 (12) Beijing pharmaceutical sunshine procurement platform [19]
  Healthcare centre/fever clinic/hospital outpatient visitf 8.06 (50) Estimatee
  Emergency ward visitf 16.12 (100) Estimatee
Monthly staff salariese   
 Doctor 1613 (10000) Estimateg
 Nurse 1129 (7000) Estimateg
 Administration 1290 (8000) Estimateg
  1. aThe ‘list price’ costs for large, health based orders within China (in its economic and taxation framework)
  2. b(Terry Gorman, 3 M Senior Occupational Hygienist, personal communication, January 2012). The 2012 cost for medical mask was used as no updated cost was made available at the time of enquire
  3. c(Terry Gorman, 3 M Senior Occupational Hygienist, personal communication, September 2014)
  4. dStaff time productivity costs for an estimated 15 min of fit testing (based on monthly salary) differs between Trial 1 and 2 due to the slightly greater number of shifts worked per month by HCWs in Trial 2
  5. e(Xiaoli Wang, Beijing CDC, personal communication, July 2014)
  6. fEstimated costs for Beijing level 2 hospitalisations were applied in the model
  7. gSalary estimates were comparable (approximately) with the average Beijing health and social work salary for 2014 [20]