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Table 1 Main epidemiological and clinical data in 217 patients included in the study

From: Recurrence of cystic echinococcosis in an endemic area: a retrospective study

  Patients n/N (%)
Age, mean ± SD (range),years
  ≤ 59 years
52.55 ± 18.20 (5–82)
124/217 (57.1)
Male sex 133/217 (61.3)
Patients from rural areas 148/217 (68.2)
Professional activity-agriculture/livestock 31/217 (14.3)
Contact with animals 60/217 (27.6)
Immigrants 6/217 (2.8)
Comorbidity 73/217 (33.6)
Asyntomatic/casual finding 129/217 (59.4)
Clinical manifestations
 Mechanics
 Infectious
 Allergic
88/217 (40.6)
54/88 (61.3)
35/88 (39.7)
14/88 (15.9)
Eosinophilia (>0.450 × 109 eosinophils/L) 65/217 (29.9)
ELISA (>1/80) 105/217 (48.4)
Cyst location (multiple response variable)
 Liver
 Lung
 Others/disseminated
193/217 (88.9)
12/217 (5.5)
31/217 (14.2)
No. of cysts, mean ± SD (range)
 1
  ≥ 2
1.95 ± 2.66 (1–20)
137/217 (63.1)
80/217 (36.9)
Size of the largest cyst, mean ± SD (range),cm
  ≥ 7 cm
  ≤ 6.9 cm
8.18 ± 4.35 (1–23)
122/217 (56.2)
95/217 (43.8)
WHO classification
 CE1
 CE2
 CE3
 CE4
 CE5
193/217 (88.9)
10/193 (5.2)
59/193 (30.6)
32/193 (16.6)
30/193 (15.5)
62/193 (32.1)
Treatment
 Combined treatment (Antihelminths & surgical)
 Surgical technics
 Surgical treatment complications
141/217 (65.0)
76/217 (35.0)
38/217 (17.5)
Cohort mortality from all causes 13/217 (6.0)a
Mortality attributable to hydatidosis 2/217 (0.9)b
  1. aExitus ethiology: cardiovascular 1. Cancer 1. Infectious 5. No data 6
  2. bExitus ethiology for E. granulosus: Infectious (sepsis) 1. Hemoptysis 1