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Table 1 Sociodemographic and sexual risk factors characteristics of participants by condition at baseline (n = 128)

From: A bio-behavioral intervention to decrease intravaginal practices and bacterial vaginosis among HIV infected Zambian women, a randomized pilot study

   Condition N(%) Median(IQR)  
  All participants Experimental (n = 58) SOC+ (n = 70) p-value
Age 35.00 (11.00) 37.00 (14.00) 34.00 (10.00) 0.402a
Educational attainment
 None 8 (6.3%) 4 (6.9%) 4 (5.7%)  
 Primary School 58 (45.3%) 30 (51.7%) 28 (40.0%)  
 Secondary School 55 (43.0%) 21 (36.2%) 34 (48.6%)  
 College/University 7 (5.5%) 3 (5.2%) 4 (5.7%) 0.514b
Employment status
 Work full time 23 (18.0%) 6 (10.3%) 17 (24.3%)  
 Work part time 7 (5.5%) 4 (6.9%) 3 (4.3%)  
 Not working 89 (69.5%) 43 (74.1%) 46 (65.7%)  
 Volunteering 9 (7.0%) 5 (8.6%) 4 (5.7%) 0.206b
Monthly income (Zambian Kwacha)
 Less 500 (less than 65 USD) 16 (12.5%) 9 (15.5%) 7 (10.0%)  
 500 to 1000 (~ 65–130 USD) 82 (64.1%) 32 (55.2%) 50 (71.4%)  
 1000 to 2000 (130–260 USD) 28 (21.9%) 16 (27.6%) 12 (17.1%)  
 More than 5000 (> 260 USD) 2 (1.6%) 1 (1.7%) 1 (1.4%) 0.242b
Marital status
 Single 25 (19.5%) 10 (17.2%) 15 (21.4%)  
 Stable relationship 93 (72.7%) 39 (67.2%) 54 (77.1%)  
 Unstable relationship 10 (7.8%) 9 (15.5%) 1 (1.4%) 0.013 b
Children
 No 4 (3.1%) 1 (1.7%) 3 (4.3%)  
 Yes 124 (96.9%) 57 (98.3%) 67 (95.7%) 0.626b
Treatment of STIs in the past year (n = 30 women with STIs)
 No 7 (23.3%) 5 (41.7%) 2 (11.1%)  
 Yes 23 (76.7%) 7 (58.3%) 16 (88.9%) 0.084b
Partner status
 Unknown 42 (32.8%) 19 (32.8%) 23 (32.9%)  
 Positive 86 (67.2%) 39 (67.2%) 47 (67.1%) > 0.999
Disclosure of HIV status to partner
 No 10 (7.8%) 4 (6.9%) 6 (8.6%)  
 Yes 118 (92.2%) 54 (93.1%) 64 (91.4%) > 0.999b
Sex in exchange for compensation
 Never in the past month 115 (89.8%) 52 (89.7%) 63 (90.0%)  
 Sometimes 12 (9.4%) 6 (10.3%) 6 (8.6%)  
 All the time 1 (0.8%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.4%) 0.874b
Number of partners in the prior 3 months 1.00 (0.00) 1.00 (0.00) 1.00 (0.00) 0.608a
Condom use in the past month
 100% of the time 4 (4.3%) 1 (2.3%) 3 (5.9%)  
 Less than 100% of the time 90 (95.7%) 42 (97.7%) 48 (94.1%) 0.395b
Time since diagnosis
 Less than a year ago 12 (9.4%) 5 (8.6%) 7 (10.0%)  
 Between one and 5 years ago 75 (58.6%) 37 (63.8%) 38 (54.3%)  
 Between 5 and 10 years ago 33 (25.8%) 14 (24.1%) 19 (27.1%)  
 More than 10 years ago 8 (6.3%) 2 (3.4%) 6 (8.6%) 0.573b
CD4 cells per milliliter
 Less than 100 7 (5.5%) 2 (3.4%) 5 (7.1%)  
 100 to 500 49 (38.3%) 23 (39.7%) 26 (37.1%)  
 More than 500 50 (39.1%) 21 (36.2%) 29 (41.4%)  
 I do not know 22 (17.2%) 12 (20.7%) 10 (14.3%) 0.623a
  1. SOC+: Enhanced standard of care
  2. Note. USD US dollars, STI sexually transmitted infection. aMann-Whitney U test was used. bFisher’s Exact test was used