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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis for the risk factors for late ART initiation from 2008 to 2014

From: Trends in baseline CD4 cell counts and risk factors for late antiretroviral therapy initiation among HIV-positive patients in Shanghai, a retrospective cross-sectional study

Variables Crude odds ratio (COR) 95% confidence interval (CI) Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 95% confidence interval (CI) P-value
Age (years)
  ≤ 30 Reference -- Reference -- --
 31–40 1.33 1.13--1.56 1.20 1.01--1.43 0.044
 41–50 2.00 1.66--2.42 1.58 1.27--1.97 <0.0001
  ≥ 51 2.28 1.89--2.74 1.68 1.34--2.12 <0.0001
Gender
 Female Reference -- Reference -- --
 Male 1.22 0.97--1.52 1.81 1.40--2.34 <0.0001
Marital status
 Single Reference -- Reference -- --
 Married or live together 1.67 1.45--1.91 1.07 0.89--1.26 0.467
 Divorced, separated or widowed 1.83 1.45--2.31 1.21 0.93--1.58 0.152
Infection route
 Homosexual Reference -- Reference -- --
 Heterosexual 1.62 1.36--1.89 1.36 1.13--1.64 0.001
 Othersa 2.37 1.98--2.85 2.06 1.69--2.51 <0.0001
 PWID 1.68 1.12--2.54 1.38 0.90--2.11 0.142
Year of ART initiation
 2014b Reference -- Reference -- --
 2013 1.11 0.90--1.37 1.16 0.94--1.45 0.175
 2012 1.40 1.11--1.77 1.40 1.11--1.78 0.005
 2011 1.38 1.08--1.75 1.44 1.13--1.85 0.003
 2010 1.93 1.48--2.52 1.91 1.45--2.50 <0.0001
 2009 3.56 2.55--4.97 3.45 2.45--4.86 <0.0001
 2008 4.78 3.10--7.37 4.59 2.95--7.15 <0.0001
  1. ART combined antiretroviral therapy, PWID people who inject drugs
  2. aIncluding transmission via plasma donation, mother-to-child transmission, blood transmission and undetermined transmission
  3. bComprising data only from January 2014 to June 2014