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Table 5 Bivariate analysis of the factors associated with GAS carriage among primary school children in Sissa sub-county, Wakiso

From: Prevalence of group a streptococcus pharyngeal carriage and clinical manifestations in school children aged 5–15 yrs in Wakiso District, Uganda

Variables GAS carriage    
No Yes unadjusted OR 95% C.I P-value
Age greater <10 years 163 (84.0%) 31 (16.0%)    
Age greater >10 yrs 114 (83.7%) 28 (16.3%) 1.029 0.589–1.797 0.921
male 128 (85.9%) 21 (14.1%)    
Female 179 (82.5%) 38 (17.5%) 1.304 0.731–2.327 0.369
Rural school 113 (90.4%) 12 (9.6%)    
Peri urban school 194 (80.5%) 47 (19.5%) 2.270 1.156–4.457 0.017
Government school 205 (83.7%) 40 (16.3%)    
Private school 102 (84.3%) 19 (15.7%) 0.945 0.521–1.714 0.853
Household with >4 people 222 (82.8%) 46 (17.2%)    
Household with 4 or less people 84 (87.5%) 12 (12.5%) 0.693 0.35–1.371 0.292
Class with >3 windows 154 (85.6%) 26 (14.4%)    
class with 3 or less windows 153 (82.3%) 33 (17.7%) 1.269 0.725–2.223 0.404
Semi-detached house 98 (86.0%) 16 (14.0%)    
Singles house 204 (83.6%) 40 (16.4%) 1.213 0.648–2.272 0.546
Fever:
 no 290 (83.6%) 57 (16.4%)    
 yes 17 (89.5%) 2 (10.5%) 0.601 0.135–2.671 0.503
Sore throat:
 no 245 (82.5%) 52 (17.5%)    
 yes 62 (89.9%) 7 (10.1%) 0.534 0.231–1.233 0.142
Cough:
 no 192 (85.3%) 33 (14.7%)    
 yes 115 (81.6%) 26 (18.4%) 1.322 0.753–2.323 0.331
Palatal petechiea
 no 284 (83.3%) 57 (16.7%)    
 yes 23 (92.0%) 2 (8.0%) 0.435 0.1–1.896 0.268
Tonsillar enlargement:
 no 256 (82.6%) 54 (17.4%)    
 Yes 51 (91.1%) 5 (8.9%) 0.467 0.178–1.224 0.121
Cervical nodes:
 no 249 (83.0%) 51 (17.0%)    
 yes 58 (87.9%) 8 (12.1%) 0.676 0.304–1.502 0.337
Parent’s employment:
 informal 256 (83.9%) 49 (16.1%)    
 Formal 46 (86.8%) 7 (13.2%) 0.795 0.339–1.864 0.598
Congestion:
  < 0.8children/m2 51 (91.1%) 5 (8.9%)    
  > 0.8children/m2 256 (82.6%) 54 (17.4%) 2.152 0.820–5.643 0.119
BMI
 Underweight 9 (81.8%) 2 (18.2%) 1.000   
 Normal 294 (83.8%) 57 (16.2) 0.872 0.184–4.144 0.864
 Over weight 4 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1.000