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Table 2 Outcomes assessed in individual studies included in the Progressive Resistive Exercise (PRE) and HIV systematic review (for details of outcomes and authors’ conclusions, see Additional file 3)

From: Effectiveness of Progressive Resistive Exercise (PRE) in the context of HIV: systematic review and meta-analysis using the Cochrane Collaboration protocol

Study Immunological and Virological Cardiorespiratory Strength Weight and Body Composition Psychological Adverse Events
Agin (2001) [35] Not assessed Not assessed Upper and lower extremity
strength
Weight
Body Composition
Health-related quality of life Assessed
Agostini (2009) [25]a, b Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Not reported
Balasubramanyam (2011) [26]a, b CD4 count
Viral load
VCO2, VO2, respiratory quotient, resting energy expenditure Not assessed Weight
Body composition
Not assessed Assessed
Bhasin (2000) [36] CD4 count
Viral load
Not assessed Upper and lower extremity
strength
Weight
Body Composition
Health-related quality of life Assessed
Dolan (2006) [37]b CD4 count
Viral load
6MWT
VO2max
  Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Assessed
Driscoll (2004a) [38]b CD4 count
Viral load
Exercise Time Upper and lower extremity strength Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Assessed
Farinatti (2010) [27]a, b CD4 count Slope and intercept for HR-workload Upper and lower extremity strength Body Composition Not assessed Assessed
Fitch (2012) [28]a, b CD4 count
Viral load
VO2max and Endurance Time Upper and lower extremity
strength
Body Composition Not assessed Assessed
Grinspoon (2000) [39]b CD4 count
Viral load
Not assessed Upper and lower extremity
strength
Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Assessed
Lindegaard (2008) [29]a, b Not reported VO2max Upper and lower extremity
strength
Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Not reported
Lox (1995) [40]b CD4 count
Viral load
VO2max
Heart Rate
Upper and lower extremity
strength
Weight
Body Composition
Mood and Life Satisfaction Not reported
Ogalha (2011) [30]a, b CD4 count VO2max Not assessed Weight
Body Composition
Quality of Life Not reported
Perez-Moreno (2007) [31]a, b CD4 count Workrate maximum
HRmax
Upper and lower extremity
strength
Body Composition Quality of Life Assessed
Rigsby (1992) [41] CD4 count Aerobic Capacity
Heart Rate
Total Time to Voluntary Exhaustion
Upper and lower extremity
strength
Not assessed Not assessed Assessed
Sakkas (2009) [32]a Not assessed Fatigue Upper and Lower Body Strength Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Not reported
Sattler (1999) [42] CD4 count Not assessed Upper and Lower Extremity Strength Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Assessed
Shevitz (2005) [43] CD4 count
Viral load
Endurance Tolerance Upper and Lower Extremity Strength Weight
Body Composition
Quality of Life Adjusted Years Assessed
Spence (1990) [44] Not assessed Not assessed Upper and Lower Extremity Strength Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Not reported
Tiozzo (2011) [33]a, b CD4 count
Viral Load
VO2max
HRmax
Upper and lower extremity
strength
Weight
Body Composition
Quality of Life Not reported
Yarasheski (2011) [34]a, b CD4 count
Viral Load
Not assessed Not assessed Weight
Body Composition
Not assessed Assessed
  1. aStudy included in this update of the systematic review
  2. bStudy included in systematic review examining effect of aerobic exercise with adults living with HIV [12] https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-016-1478-2
  3. HRQL health-related quality of life, MOS-HIV Medical Outcomes Study HIV Scale, VO2max maximum oxygen consumption, VCO2 rate of elimination of carbon dioxide, HRmax heart rate maximum, 6MWT 6 min walk test