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Table 2 Predisposing illness and factors in patients with AFBN

From: Acute focal bacterial nephritis is associated with invasive diagnostic procedures - a cohort of 138 cases extracted through a systematic review

  % (n)
Diabetes mellitus 12.3 (17)
Pregnancy 5.8 (8)
Renal stones without obstructive uropathy 5.1 (7)
Vesicoureteral reflux 3.6 (5)
Prior respiratory tract infection 4.3 (6)
Former kidney transplantation 2.9 (4)
Obstructive (nephro-)ureterolithiasis 1.4 (2)
Alcohol abuse 1.4 (2)
Neurogenic bladder dysfunction 1.4 (2)
Crohn’s disease 1.4 (2)
Prostatic hyperplasia (1)
Lupus erythematodes (1)
AIDS (1)