Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Ethiopian settings and its association with previous history of anti-tuberculosis treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis

References Year of publication Study area Study population Study design Study period Specimen Methods employed No of TB patients New MDR-TB, % Previously treated MDR-TB, % Overall MDR-TB, %
Meskel et al. [25] 2008 Addis Ababa Previously treated PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2001 to 2002 Sputum Microscopy, culture, and DST 84 - 26.2 26.2
WHO [12] 2008 Ethiopia (national survey) Extra and PTB patients Longitudinal cross-sectional study 2003 to 2006 N/S Culture and DST 147,592 1.6 12 1.8
Yimer et al. [26] 2012 ARS major towns New PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2008 Sputum Microscopy, culture, and DST 93 1.1 - 1.1
Tessema et al. [27] 2012 Gondar, Metema, Bahirdar & Debre Markos PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2009 Sputum Microscopy, culture, genotype MTBC MTBDRs, DST 260 3.7 10.9 5
Abebe et al. [28] 2012 South western Ethiopia New PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2010 to 2011 Sputum culture and DST 136 1.5 - 1.5
Hussein et al. [29] 2013 Bahirdar Fitche Ambo PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2011 Sputum Microscopy, culture, RD9 typing and DST 102 11.8 11.1 11.8
Esmael et al. [30] 2014 Eastern ARS PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2010 to 2011 Sputum Culture, and DST 230 1.8 18.5 6.5
Biadglegne et al. [31] 2014 Bahirdar, Gondar, & Dessie TB lymphadenitis patients Cross-sectional study 2012 Fine needle aspirates Cytology, culture and GeneType MTBC assay &Anti-TB drug resistant assay 225 1.4 0 1.3
Seyoum et al. [32] 2014 Eastern Ethiopia New PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2011 to 2013 Sputum Microscopy, culture and DST 357 1.1 - 1.1
Daniel et al. [33] 2014 Debre Birhan PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2013 to 2014 Sputum Microscopy, culture, deletion and spoligotyping, DST 40 6.3 12.5 7.5
Tekle et al. [34] 2014 Benishangul-Gumuz & Awi PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2013 to 2014 Sputum Microscopy, culture, RD9 typing and DST 87 1.3 8.3 2.3
Kebede [35] 2015 Ethiopia PTB patients Longitudinal cross-sectional study 2011 Sputum Culture and DST 1422 2.7 17.9 5.1
Adane et al. [36] 2015 East Gojjam PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2011 to 2012 Sputum Microscopy, culture, RD9 typing and DST 89 1.3 16.7 3.4
Maru et al. [37] 2015 Dessie PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2012 to 2013 Sputum Culture, spoligotyping and DST 118 0 13.3 1.7
Mekonnen et al. [38] 2015 North Gondar PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2014 Sputum Microscopy, Gene x-pert, culture and DST 124 2.3 13.9 5.6
Hamussie et al. [39] 2016 Arsi Zone PTB patients Cross-sectional study 2013 to 2014 Sputum Culture and DST 106 2.4 14.3 4.7