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Table 2 Comparison of characteristics between HIV-exposed uninfected and HIV-unexposed-uninfected infants according to CMV status at inclusion into phase 2 of the ANRS 12140-Pediacam study, 2007–2013, Cameroon

From: Cytomegalovirus infection in HIV-infected versus non-infected infants and HIV disease progression in Cytomegalovirus infected versus non infected infants early treated with cART in the ANRS 12140—Pediacam study in Cameroon

  CMV-infected infants CMV-uninfected infants
HIV-exposed uninfected HIV-unexposed-uninfected   HIV-exposed uninfected HIV-unexposed-uninfected  
N % (n) N % (n) p-value* N % (n) N % (n) p-value*
Study site: Essos Hospital Center 18 33.3 (6) 49 42.9 (21) 0.67 98 36.7 (36) 58 37.9 (22) 1.00
Gender: Female 18 83.3 (15) 49 49.0 (24) 0.02 98 46.9 (46) 58 51.7 (30) 0.68
Marital status: Alone (single or divorced or widow) 18 22.2 (4) 49 34.7 (17) 0.50 98 36.7 (36) 58 32.8 (19) 0.74
Electricity supply at home: Yes 18 100.0 (18) 48 97.9 (47) 1.00 94 98.9 (93) 57 100 (57) 1.00
Maternal level of education: Higher education 18 22.2 (4) 49 36.7 (18) <0.01 96 25.0 (24) 58 53.4 (31) <0.01
Maternal age at inclusion: > = 25 years 18 77.8 (14) 49 69.4 (34) 0.71 97 79.4 (77) 58 81 (47) 0.97
Professional activity of the mother: Paid 17 58.8 (10) 49 42.9 (21) 0.39 96 50.0 (48) 58 44.8 (26) 0.65
Mode of delivery: Cesarean section 18 11.1 (2) 49 10.2 (5) 1.00 98 12.2 (12) 58 12.1 (7) 1.00
Breastfeeding: Yes 18 38.9 (7) 49 100 (49) <0.01 98 8.2 (8) 58 98.3 (57) <0.01
Prematurity: <37 weeks 18 16.7 (3) 49 10.2 (5) 0.67 98 3.1 (3) 58 13.8 (8) 0.02
Hemoglobin level: < 9 g/dl 18 5.6 (1) 49 4.1 (2) 1.00 98 3.1 (3) 58 6.9 (4) 0.43
Age at CMV screening: > = 4 months 18 38.9 (7) 49 46.9 (23) 0.76 98 64.3 (63) 58 50.0 (29) 0.11
T CD4 lymphocytes : < 25% 18 11.1 (2) 49 12.2 (6) 1.00 96 3.1 (3) 58 10.3 (6) 0.08
Z-score weight for age: ≤2 SD 18 0.0 (0) 49 2.0 (1) 1.00 98 1.0 (1) 58 0.0 (0) 1.00
Hospitalization at or before inclusion: Yes 18 0.0 (0) 49 4.1 (2) 1.00 98 3.1 (3) 58 1.7 (1) 1.00
  1. * p-value based on Fisher’s exact test