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Table 3 Comparison of laboratory data, at hospital admission, between survivors and non-survivors patients with visceral leishmaniasis

From: Hyponatremia and risk factors for death in human visceral leishmaniasis: new insights from a cross-sectional study in Brazil

  Non-survivors (N = 34) Survivors (N = 251) p
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 6.5 ± 1.8 7.5 ± 1.5 < 0.001
Hematocrit (%) 20.4 ± 5.0 23.1 ± 4.6 0.002
Leukocytes (/mm3) 3904 (900–16,800) 3688 (300–11,000) 0.01
Platelets (103/mm3) 32.0 ± 28.6 84.0 ± 62.1 0.017
Urea (mg/dL) 57.1 ± 37.9 51.8 ± 38.9 0.469
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1.07 ± 0.47 1.15 ± 1.13 0.750
Sodium (mEq/L) 130.6 ± 5.4 133.2 ± 4.2 0.005
Potassium (mEq/L) 4.2 ± 0.8 4.0 ± 0.6 0.297
Albumin (g/dL) 2.04 ± 0.74 2.70 ± 0.79 < 0.001
Globulins (g/dL) 4.26 ± 1.26 4.32 ± 1.65 0.915
AST (U/L) 295 (12–2161) 104 (13–1165) 0.039
ALT (U/L) 192 (5–1071) 78 (4–603) 0.065
Total bilirubin (mg/dL) 7.0 (1.0–22.3) 1.3 (0.04–21.1) < 0.001
Direct Bilirubin (mg/dL) 5.4 (0.66–17.79) 0.9 (0.07–16.7) < 0.001
Indirect Bilirubin (mg/dL) 1.6 (0.08–7.0) 0.4 (0.06–4.4) 0.04
Arterial pH 7.34 ± 0.14 7.44 ± 0.06 0.059
HCO3 (mEq/L) 16.7 ± 7.1 20.7 ± 6.5 0.178
PCO2 (mmHg) 36.7 ± 10.1 31.6 ± 6.2 0.044
  1. AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, HCO3 serum bicarbonate, PCO2 carbon dioxide partial pressure
  2. Values were represented as mean ± SD or median (range). Student’s T test and Mann-Whitney tests were used. P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant