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Table 1 Distribution of pathogens among the febrile patients*

From: Prevalence and clinical presentation of Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella and chikungunya virus infections among hospital-based febrile patients from December 2008 to November 2009 in Bangladesh

   ELISA screening [N = 360]† IFA test (titer > 64) [N = 720]‡ PRNT (titer ≥ 320) [N = 99] PCR [N = 720]§ Culture [N = 720]
Rickettsial infections Typhus group (N = 720) NT 10 (1) NA 1 (0.1) NT
Spotted fever group (N = 720) NT 132 (18) NA 0 NT
Scrub typhus group (N = 360) NT 63 (18) NA 2 (1) NT
Scrub typhus group (N = 360) 107 (30) NT NA NT NT
Coxiella burnetii (N = 360) 10 (3) 0 NA 0 NT
Leptospirosis (N = 720) NT NA NA NT 2 (0.3)
Chikungunya fever (N = 99) 10 (10) NA 10 (10) NT NT
Bartonella infections (N = 720) NT NA NA NT 1 (0.1)
  1. NT = not tested, NA = not applicable
  2. * Values are n (%) unless otherwise indicated
  3. † ELISA for Chikungunya virus were screened for 99 patients
  4. ‡ IFAT to detect Coxiella were performed for patients with positive or equivocal ELISA results
  5. § PCR for scrub typhus and Coxiella were performed for 360 patients