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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of patients referred for presumptive TB (N = 455)

From: Why being an expert – despite xpert –remains crucial for children in high TB burden settings

  TB diseasea (n = 157) Not TB disease (n = 298) p-value
Median age in years at time of TB referral (IQR) 5.0 (1.6 – 9.5) 4.4 (1.5 – 10.0) 0.872
Male gender (%) 75 (47.8) 139 (46.6) 0.819
HIV positive (%) 84 (53.5) 163 (54.7) 0.808
Disposition at time of referral of “Inpatient” (%) 76 (48.4) 142 (47.7) 0.878
Past TB treatment (%) 7 (4.5) 9 (3.0) 0.428
Severe Malnutrition (%)b 50 (31.9) 119 (39.9) 0.090
Reported TB contact (%) 33 (21.0) 52 (17.5) 0.353
Diagnostic Tests Performed
 Sputum analysis (%) 115 (73.3) 205 (68.8) 0.323
 Chest x-ray (%) 107 (68.2) 176 (59.1) 0.057
 Tuberculin skin test (%) 143 (91.1) 264 (88.6) 0.411
 Fine needle aspirate (%) 13 (8.3) 11 (3.7) 0.037
  1. aTB disease includes all children meeting criteria for confirmed, possible or probable TB. bSevere acute malnutrition is defined as weight-for-height Z score < 3 SD and/or presence of edema [29]