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Table 3 Demographic characteristics, clinical presentations and seasonality of acute bronchiolitis by RSV, RV and other co-infections

From: Viral aetiology of bronchiolitis in hospitalised children in Qatar

   RSV (n = 127) RV (n = 36) RSV + RV
(n = 25)
RSV+ any other non- RV (n = 33) RV+ any other non-RSV (n = 22) Others (n = 72) P-value*
Gender Male 76 (59.8) 27 (75) 15 (60) 25 (75.8) 13 (59.1) 53 (73.6) 0.180
Female 51 (40.2) 9 (25) 10 (40) 8 (24.2) 9 (40.9) 19 (26.4)  
Age Group <1 months 57 (47.9) 14 (38.9) 4 (16) 8 (25) 8 (36.4) 28 (42.4) 0.064
1 to 3 months 33 (27.7) 17 (47.2) 11 (44) 12 (37.5) 8 (36.4) 23 (34.8)  
>3 months 29 (24.4) 5 (13.9) 10 (40) 12 (37.5) 6 (27.3) 15 (22.7)  
Nationality Qatari 90 (70.9) 22 (61.1) 16 (64) 22 (66.7) 11 (50) 42 (58.3) 0.335
Clinical and presenting symptoms Cough 124 (100) 35 (97.2) 25 (100) 32 (97) 22 (100) 66 (97.1) 0.408
Wheezing 83 (68) 26 (72.2) 20 (83.3) 22 (68.8) 13 (59.1) 42 (62.7) 0.471
Crepitation 88 (78.6) 30 (85.7) 22 (91.7) 25 (96.2) 16 (76.2) 56 (93.3) 0.039
Retraction 89 (76.7) 29 (82.9) 18 (75) 28 (90.3) 13 (59.1) 50 (82) 0.121
Fever 90 (74.4) 25 (71.4) 19 (79.2) 28 (87.5) 16 (80) 51 (79.7) 0.621
Apnea 8 (7.3) 1 (3.1) 3 (13) 1 (4.2) 1 (5.3) 8 (13.8) 0.415
Pertussis like symptoms 9 (8.3) 3 (11.5) 5 (20) 2 (8.3) 3 (15.8) 5 (10.2) 0.613
Family history of atopy or asthma 54 (61.4) 20 (69) 10 (45.5) 14 (56) 3 (16.7) 29 (59.2) 0.008
Max. temperature (degree C) 38.49 ± 0.82 38.52 ± 0.88 38.64 ± 0.77 38.49 ± 0.79 38.63 ± 0.74 38.36 ± 0.84 0.687
Max. respiratory rate (Br/min) 61.3 ± 9.5 67.5 ± 20.1 60.3 ± 9.4 62.3 ± 7.1 59.6 ± 8.0 66.8 ± 20.5 0.026
Max. Pulse (Beat/min) 167.5 ± 15.2 170 ± 34 172.2 ± 14.8 164.2 ± 16.2 169 ± 10.8 168.4 ± 23.1 0.750
O2 Saturation 96.57 ± 2.40 95.25 ± 2.73 96.55 ± 1.60 95.8 ± 3.48 96.29 ± 1.87 96.42 ± 2.24 0.087
ICS score 3 to 4 72 (57.6) 23 (65.7) 14 (58.3) 17 (56.7) 10 (45.5) 34 (51.5) 0.692
Seasons Winter 44 (34.9) 17 (47.2) 14 (56) 13 (39.4) 11 (50) 27 (40.9) 0.483
Spring 14 (11.1) 6 (16.7) 4 (16) 3 (9.1) 0 (0) 9 (13.6)  
Summer 12 (9.5) 1 (2.8) 1 (4) 2 (6.1) 2 (9.1) 2 (3)  
Fall 56 (44.4) 12 (33.3) 6 (24) 15 (45.5) 9 (40.9) 28 (42.4)  
Assisted ventilation Yes 12 (10) 6 (16.7) 1 (4.3) 2 (6.1) 2 (9.5) 8 (12.3) 0.642
LOS (days) ≥4 days 103 (82.4) 33 (91.7) 21 (87.5) 30 (90.9) 19 (86.4) 56 (84.8) 0.703
  1. LOS Length of stay in hospital, ICS Initial clinical severity score. *P-values computed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Chi-square and Yates corrected Chi-square statistical tests methods