Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics, clinical presentation and symptoms, viral etiology and management of children with acute bronchiolitis

From: Viral aetiology of bronchiolitis in hospitalised children in Qatar

Characteristics Frequency (%)
Gender (n = 369)
 Male 247 (66.9%)
 Female 122 (33.1%)
Age (months) (n = 347)
  < 1 months 144 (41.5%)
 1 to 3 months 117 (33.7%)
  > 3 months 86 (24.8%)
Clinical and presenting symptoms (n = 369)
 Cough 348 (94.3%)
 Wheezing 231 (62.6%)
 Rales 15 (4.1%)
 Crepitation 270 (73.2%)
 Retraction 251 (68.0%)
 Fever 261 (70.7%)
 Apnea 24 (6.5%)
 Pertussis like symptoms 29 (7.9%)
 Family history of atopy or asthma 145 (39.3%)
 Max. Temperature (°C) (n = 353) 38.49 ± 0.80
 Max. Respiratory rate (br/m) (n = 351) 62.51 ± 13.65
 Max. Pulse (beat/m) (n = 351) 167.88 ± 19.18
 O2 Saturation (%) (n = 341) 96.40 ± 2.46
Initial Clinical Severity Score (n = 349)
 1 19 (5.4%)
 2 142 (40.7%)
 3 159 (45.6%)
 4 26 (7.4%)
 5 3 (0.9%)
Nationality (n = 369)
 Qatari 234 (63.4%)
 Non-Qatari 135 (36.6%)
Seasons (n = 355)
 Winter 154 (43.4%)
 Spring 43 (12.1%)
 Summer 20 (5.6%)
 Fall 138 (38.9%)
Viral Etiology (n = 369)
 RSV 189 (51.2%)
 Influenza A 3 (0.8%)
 Influenza B 1 (0.3%)
 ParaInfluenza 1 4 (1.1%)
 ParaInfluenza 2 4 (1.1%)
 ParaInfluenza 3 19 (5.1%)
 ParaInfluenza 4 3 (0.8%)
 Corona_NL63 3 (0.8%)
 Corona_COC43 16 (4.3%)
 Corona_229E 2 (0.5%)
 Corona_HKU 2 (0.5%)
 RV 94 (25.5%)
 Enterovirus 6 (1.6%)
 hMPV 23 (6.2%)
 Boca Virus 15 (4.1%)
 Parechovirus 11 (3.0%)
 Adenovirus 23 (6.2%)
 Other viruses 20 (5.4%)
  1. RSV Respiratory syncytial virus, RV rhinovirus, hMPV Human metapneumovirus. Quantitative data were presented in mean ± SD. For some parameters the sum is not equal to total n = 369 due to some missing observations and respective % were computed based on non-missing observations