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Table 2 High-risk Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection and Abnormal Cervical Cytology in Samples of Nepali and Bhutanese Women Living in Eastern Nepal

From: High-risk human papillomavirus infection and abnormal cervical cytology among Nepali and Bhutanese refugee women living in eastern Nepal

  n (%)  
Overall Nepali Bhutanese p- value
High-risk HPV infection (n = 641) 0.3993
 No 584 (91.1) 496 (91.5) 88 (88.9)
 Yes 57 (8.9) 46 (8.5) 11 (11.1)
Cervical cytologyƗ (n = 576) 0.6982
 Normal 535 (92.9) 458 (92.7) 77 (93.9)
 Abnormal 41 (7.1) 36 (7.3) 5 (6.1)
 Cytology results in detail 0.5387
 Normal
  WNL 473 (82.1) 406 (82.4) 66 (80.5)
  ASCUS 62 (10.8) 51 (10.3) 11 (13.4)
 Abnormal
  ASC-H 7 (1.2) 5 (1.0) 2 (2.4)
  AGUS 10 (1.7) 10 (2.0) 0 (0.0)
  LSIL 20 (3.5) 18 (3.6) 2 (2.4)
  HSIL 4 (0.7) 3 (0.6) 1 (1.2)
  1. ƗCervical cytology classification: “Normal” includes: benign cellular changes, WNL results Within Normal Limits, ASCUS Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance, or actinomycosis; “Abnormal” includes: ASC-H Atypical Squamous Cells- cannot exclude High-grade, LSIL Low-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion, HSIL High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion, AGUS Atypical Glandular Cells of Undetermined Significance; and Squamous Cell Carcinoma (none in this sample)