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Table 4 Associations between psychosocial factors and UAI among MSM, Shanghai, China (n = 547)

From: Association between a syndemic of psychosocial problems and unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men in Shanghai, China

Factors n % ORu (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) ORm (95% CI) P
Rosenberg Self-esteem
 High level (Score ≥15) 257 52.6 1 1   
 Low level (Score <15) 41 70.7 2.18 (1.20–3.94)* 1.94 (1.06–3.56)* 2.19 (1.21-3.95)** 0.009
GAD Anxiety
 Low level (Score <10) 257 53.5     
 High level (Score ≥10) 41 61.2 1.37 (0.81–2.31) 1.42 (0.83–2.42) - -
CESD
 Low level (Score <16) 137 52.3 1 1   
 High level (Score ≥16) 161 56.5 1.19 (0.85–1.66) 1.19 (0.84–1.67) - -
UCLA Loneliness
 Low level (Score ≤18) 218 52.7 1 1   
 High level (Score >18) 79 59.8 1.34 (0.90–2.00) 1.25 (0.83–1.88) - -
Sexual compulsivity
 Low level (Score ≤26) 228 52.4 1 1   
 High level (Score >26) 69 62.2 1.49 (0.97–2.29) 1.42 (0.92–2.19) - -
  1. AOR adjusted OR, odds ratios adjusted for education level and monthly income, ORm odds ratio obtained from forward stepwise multivariate logistic regression
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01