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Table 2 Psychosocial factors of MSM in Shanghai, China (n = 547)

From: Association between a syndemic of psychosocial problems and unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men in Shanghai, China

Factors N %
Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale
 High level (Score ≥15) 489 89.4
 Low level (Score <15) 58 10.6
GAD Anxiety
 Low level (Score <10) 480 87.8
 High level (Score ≥10) 67 12.2
CESD
 Low level (Score <16) 262 47.9
 High level (Score ≥16) 285 52.1
UCLA Loneliness Scale
 Low level (Score ≤18) 414 75.8
 High level (Score >18) 132 24.2
Sexual compulsivity
 Low level (Score ≤26) 435 79.7
 High level (Score >26) 111 20.3
Syndemic of five factors
 No 353 64.5
 Yes 194 35.5