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Table 3 Association between death and biological and socioeconomic factors in a cohort of PLHIV

From: Survival of people living with HIV who defaulted from tuberculosis treatment in a cohort, Recife, Brazil

Variables Deaths
(number)
Incidence Rate
(100 person/years)
HR (CI 95%) p-value p-valuea
Biologicalb
 Sex      
  Female 23 6.14 (4.08–9.25) 1.0 - -
  Male 52 5.44 (4.15–7.15) 0.88 (0.54–1.44) 0.625 0.231
 Age group
  <30 years 24 8.38 (5.62–12.5) 1.0   
  30 to 49 years 42 4.61 (3.40–6.23) 0.55 (0.33–0.90) 0.053 0.019
  > 50 years 9 6.91 (3.60–13.3) 0.77 (0.35–1.66) 0.506 0.506
 BMI
  Normal 32 4.35 (3.07–6.15) 1.0   
  Malnourished 12 4.49 (2.54–7.97) 1.09 (0.56–2.11) 0.797  
  Overweight/obese 6 3.23 (1.45–7.20) 0.78 (0.32–1.88) 0.591  
  No information 25 17.8 (12.0–26.3) 3.75 (2.21–6.33) 0.000 0.725
 Anemia
  No 17 5.21 (3.24–8.39) 1.0 - -
  Yes 47 5.31 (4.00–7.07) 1.03 (0.59–1.79) 0.916 0.271
Socioeconomicb
 Origins
  Recife 29 5.29 (3.67–7.61) 1.0   
  Metropolitan Region 36 6.80 (4.90–9.42) 1.29 (0.79–2.10) 0.309  
  Interior of state 9 4.39 (2.28–8.44) 0.90 (0.42–1.90) 0.781 0.202
 Race
  White 16 5.79 (3.54–9.44) 1.0   
  Non-white 58 5.77 (4.45–7.46) 0.99 (0.57–1.72) 0.968 0.100
 In a stable relationship
  No 38 5.25 (3.82–7.22) 1.0   
  Yes 36 6.40 (4.61–8.87) 1.20 (0.76–1.90) 0.427 0.427
 Schooling
  Illiterate 14 6.78 (4.01–11.5) 1.0   
  From 1 to 9 years 43 6.13 (4.54–8.26) 0.88 (0.48–1.61) 0.677  
  10 years or more 17 4.56 (2.83–7.33) 0.68 (0.34–1.39) 0.294 0.338
 Employed
  Yes 11 4.57 (2.53–8.25) 1.0   
  No 63 6.03 (4.71–7.71) 1.32 (0.69–2.50) 0.400 0.308
 Income      
  > 1 Minimum salary 23 5.01 (3.33–7.54) 1.0   
  1. aRisk proportionality test (Schoenfeld residual)
  2. bBiological and socioeconomic conditions when initiating treatment for TB